Table 4

Comparison of prevention options for cholera in endemic areas of three African settings, by site and gender
Category SE-DRC, n = 360 Western Kenya, n = 379 Zanzibar, n = 354
Overall Total reported Prominence Total reported Prominence Total reported Prominence
Health education 92.5 1.75 98.9 1.89 95.5 1.90
Safe disposal of garbage*** 95.0 1.79 97.9 1.61 98.6 2.09
Safe disposal of stool*** 93.9 1.53 97.9 1.81 98.3 2.09
Safe food*** 95.3 1.92 98.4 1.67 97.5 1.66
Safe water*** 93.3 2.06 98.2 1.93 96.9 1.74
Vaccines*** 87.2 2.00 87.9 1.15 86.2 1.20
Site comparison Urban Rural Urban Rural Urban Rural
Total reported Prominence Total reported Prominence P value Total reported Prominence Total reported Prominence P value Total reported Prominence Total reported Prominence P value
Health education 90.0 1.80 95.0 1.71 0.371 98.9 2.27 98.9 1.51 <0.001 96.6 1.93 94.3 1.88 0.581
Preventive drugs 59.4 0.87 65.0 1.04 0.331 86.3 1.05 91.5 1.20 0.049 83.7 1.01 88.6 1.18 0.040
Protection from supernatural influencea 10.6 0.13 5.0 0.05 0.047 7.4 0.09 21.7 0.22 <0.001 NA NA NA NA NA
Safe disposal of garbage 93.9 1.71 96.1 1.87 0.154 98.4 1.53 97.4 1.69 0.257 99.4 2.51 97.7 1.66 <0.001
Safe disposal of stool 91.7 1.53 96.1 1.54 0.911 97.4 1.66 98.4 1.96 0.026 99.4 1.96 97.2 2.21 0.301
Safe food 94.4 1.86 96.1 1.98 0.298 98.9 1.76 97.9 1.58 0.002 98.3 1.78 96.6 1.53 0.001
Gender comparison Female Male Female Male Female Male
Total reported Prominence Total reported Prominence P value Total reported Prominence Total reported Prominence P value Total reported Prominence Total reported Prominence P value
Health education 91.7 1.66 93.3 1.84 0.361 98.5 1.87 99.5 1.92 0.571 95.5 1.72 95.4 2.10 0.014
Protection from supernatural influencea 5.0 0.05 10.6 0.13 0.044 13.4 0.14 15.7 0.17 0.533 NA NA NA NA NA
Safe disposal of garbage 95.6 1.78 94.4 1.79 0.500 97.4 1.52 98.4 1.70 0.026 98.9 2.13 98.3 2.05 0.906
Safe food 94.5 1.98 96.1 1.86 0.206 98.5 1.69 98.4 1.65 0.888 98.3 1.78 96.6 1.53 0.013
Safe water 92.3 2.15 94.4 1.98 0.159 98.5 2.04 97.8 1.82 0.019 97.2 1.77 96.6 1.71 0.926

Categories ordered alphabetically. ‘Total reported’ = percentage of categories reported spontaneously and upon probing. ‘Prominence’ = mean prominence of categories based on how reported (spontaneous = 2, probed = 1, most useful = 3). ‘Overall’: figures in bold designate top three prominent categories; comparison between settings based on the Kruskal-Wallis test, *** P <0.001. ‘Site comparison’ and ‘Gender comparison’: figures in bold designate significant differences at P <0.05 based on the Wilcoxon test. Data for Southeastern Democratic Republic of Congo (SE-DRC) in ‘Overall’ section from Merten et al. [31]. Data for western Kenya in ‘Site comparison’ section from Nyambedha et al. [28].

aNot elicited in Zanzibar.

Schaetti et al.

Schaetti et al. BMC Medicine 2013 11:206   doi:10.1186/1741-7015-11-206

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