Table 2

Comparison of the psychosocial impact of cholera in endemic areas of three African settings, by site and gender
Category SE-DRC, n = 360 Western Kenya, n = 379 Zanzibar, n = 356
Overall Total reported Prominence Total reported Prominence Total reported Prominence
Interference with work/daily activities*** 96.9 1.64 98.7 2.19 96.9 2.35
Loss of family income*** 92.5 2.41 96.3 2.63 95.5 2.13
Sadness, anxiety, worry*** 97.8 2.70 98.2 1.84 97.5 1.89
Site comparison Urban Rural Urban Rural Urban Rural
Total reported Prominence Total reported Prominence P value Total reported Prominence Total reported Prominence P value Total reported Prominence Total reported Prominence P value
Costs (transport, food, drugs) 87.8 1.40 94.4 1.42 0.575 97.9 1.51 87.3 1.28 <0.001 97.2 2.07 96.0 1.67 0.142
Disruption of health services 68.9 0.96 71.7 0.84 0.229 55.3 0.57 51.9 0.58 0.627 48.0 0.54 88.1 0.94 <0.001
Interference with social relationships 67.2 1.12 86.7 1.56 <0.001 84.2 1.35 78.8 1.33 0.379 65.4 0.82 74.6 1.28 <0.001
Loss of family income 91.1 2.57 93.9 2.25 0.174 97.9 2.94 94.7 2.31 <0.001 98.3 2.11 92.7 2.16 0.463
Sadness, anxiety, worry 97.8 2.43 98.3 2.96 <0.001 100.0 1.90 96.3 1.78 0.064 100.0 2.06 94.9 1.72 <0.001
Gender comparison Female Male P value Female Male P value Female Male P value
Total reported Prominence Total reported Prominence Total reported Prominence Total reported Prominence Total reported Prominence Total reported Prominence
Disruption of health services 69.6 0.88 70.9 0.92 0.754 46.9 0.47 60.5 0.69 0.004 73.2 0.78 62.7 0.69 0.051
Interference with work/daily activities 95.0 1.46 98.9 1.82 0.005 98.5 2.07 98.9 2.32 0.085 95.5 2.36 97.2 2.33 0.704
Loss of family income 94.5 2.55 90.5 2.27 0.112 96.4 2.74 96.2 2.51 0.178 93.9 1.96 97.7 2.31 0.007

Categories ordered alphabetically, except for ‘cannot say’. Total reported = percentage of categories reported spontaneously and upon probing. ‘Prominence’ = mean prominence of categories based on how reported (spontaneous = 2, probed = 1, most troubling = 3). ‘Overall’: figures in bold designate top three prominent categories; comparison between settings based on the Kruskal-Wallis test, *** P <0.001. ‘Site comparison’ and ‘Gender comparison’: figures in bold designate significant differences at P <0.05 based on the Wilcoxon test. Data for Southeastern Democratic Republic of Congo (SE-DRC) in ‘Overall’ section from Merten et al. [31]. Data for western Kenya in ‘Site comparison’ section from Nyambedha et al. [28]. Data for Zanzibar in ‘Site comparison’ section from Schaetti et al.[27].

Schaetti et al.

Schaetti et al. BMC Medicine 2013 11:206   doi:10.1186/1741-7015-11-206

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