Figure 2.

Anticipated clinical pathway for staging of confirmed muscle invasive bladder cancer. *Diagnostic investigations for haematuria differ from imaging to determine extent of local and distant disease in confirmed muscle invasive bladder cancer. **Based on European Association of Urology guidelines 2012, available at http://www.uroweb.org/guidelines/online-guidelines/ webcite and http://www.nccn.org/professionals/physician_gls/f_guidelines.asp#site. webcite

Hafeez and Huddart BMC Medicine 2013 11:104   doi:10.1186/1741-7015-11-104
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