Table 3

Effect of exercise therapy on pain.

Diagnosis [Reference]

Intervention

Control

Included trials/patients

Treatment effect


Fibromyalgia [14]

Aerobic training

Various (wait list, control, no exercise, treatment as usual)

3/183

SMDa 0.65 (95% CI -0.09 to 1.39)


Strength training

Control (not specified)

1/21

SMD 3.00 (95% CI 1.68 to 4.32)


Low back pain [22]

Exercise (many different types)

No treatment

5/NRb

WMDc -9.27 on a 100-point scale (95% CI-17.00 to -1.55)


Minimal care

11/NR

WMD -4.83 on a 100-point scale (95% CI -9.36 to -0.30)


Neck pain [21]

General strength and conditioning exercises

Minimal or no intervention

3/76

WMD -12.00 on a 100-point scale (95% CI -22.00 to -2.00)


Shoulder pain [20]

Graded exercise therapy, progressive resistance, active range of motion

Active or no intervention

3/273

SMD -0.30 (95% CI -0.48 to -0.12)


Osteoporosis [15]

Static, dynamic, or non-weight-bearing exercise

Various

NR

NR


Osteoarthritis knee [16]

Any land-based therapeutic exercise regimens

Various (not specified)

32/3616

SMD -0.40 (95% CI -0.50 to -0.30)


Osteoarthritis hip [17]

Any land-based therapeutic exercise regimens

Various (not specified)

5/204

SMD -0.33 (95% CI -0.84 to 0.17)


Rheumatoid arthritis [18]

Short-term aerobic capacity and muscle-strength training

Various (not specified)

1/50

SMD -0.53 (95% CI -1.09 to 0.04)


Short-term aerobic capacity training only

Various (not specified)

1/56

SMD -0.27 (95% CI -0.79 to 0.26)


Ankylosing spondylitis [19]

Supervised home exercise program

No intervention

1/155

SMD 0.49 (95% CI 0.17 to 0.81)


a Standardized mean difference.

bNot reported.

cWeighted mean difference.

Hagen et al. BMC Medicine 2012 10:167   doi:10.1186/1741-7015-10-167

Open Data