Table 2

Baseline patient characteristics by clusters (n = 49,173).

high-consistent care, n = 20,854

Moderate-consistent care, n = 18,218

poor-decreasing care, n = 10,101


Age, years1

57.8 ± 8.0

60.3 ± 9.5

62.2 ± 10.1

SCI1

4.37 ± 2.3

3.48 ± 2.1

3.31 ± 2.1

CCS1

1.16 ± 1.6

0.91 ± 1.5

0.82 ± 1.3


Ethnicity, n (%)

White

13,602 (65.2)

12,069 (66.3)

6,574 (65.1)

Black

6,529 (31.3)

5,000 (27.5)

2,588 (25.6)

Other

289 (1.4)

242 (1.3)

127 (1.3)

Hispanic

2,518 (12.1)

1,513 (8.3)

560 (5.5)

Unknown

434 (2.1)

907 (5.0)

812 (8.0)

Marital status

Single (never married)

7,548 (36.2)

7,243 (39.8)

4,459 (44.1)

Married

6,317 (30.3)

4,937 (27.1)

2,079 (20.6)

Divorced

6,049 (29.0)

4,945 (27.1)

2,869 (28.4)

Widowed

703 (3.4)

765 (4.2)

492 (4.9)

Priority 1 status

12,232 (58.7)

9,616 (52.8)

4,339 (43.0)

Mortality

5,491 (26.3)

6,585 (36.2)

3,126 (31.0)

Antipsychotic adherence

Good

6,640 (31.8)

4,737 (26.0)

1,709 (16.9)

Poor

11,700 (56.1)

10,203 (56.0)

5,446 (53.9)

Irregular

2,514 (12.1)

3,278 (18.0)

2,946 (29.2)

Medical/physical diagnoses

Anemia

1,348 (6.5)

1,071 (5.9)

516 (5.1)

Angina

648 (3.1)

348 (1.9)

152 (1.5)

Cancer

1,481 (7.1)

1,237 (6.8)

451 (4.5)

Cataracts

2,932 (14.1)

1,555 (8.5)

792 (7.8)

Congestive heart failure

715 (3.4)

613 (3.4)

267 (2.6)

COPD

3,526 (16.9)

2,753 (15.1)

1,203 (11.9)

Diabetes mellitus per Selim

6,724 (32.2)

3,217 (17.7)

1,482 (14.7)

Hepatitis

1,676 (8.0)

796 (4.4)

314 (3.1)

Hypertension

10,876 (52.2)

7,128 (39.1)

3,058 (30.3)

Dyslipidemia

7,999 (38.4)

4,547 (25.0)

1,601 (15.9)

Cardiac arrhythmias

962 (4.6)

660 (3.6)

318 (3.2)

Lower back pain

3,269 (15.7)

1,835 (10.1)

768 (7.6)

Myocardial infarction

528 (2.5)

431 (2.4)

188 (1.9)

Nicotine dependence

5,897 (28.3)

3,770 (20.7)

1,762 (17.4)

Obesity

3,614 (17.3)

1,649 (9.1)

657 (6.5)

Peripheral vascular disease

658 (3.2)

485 (2.7)

256 (2.5)

Chronic renal disease

616 (3.0)

503 (2.8)

225 (2.2)

Stroke

596 (2.9)

488 (2.7)

338 (3.4)

Urinary tract infection

662 (3.2)

548 (3.0)

274 (2.7)

Mental health disorders

Alcohol

3,507 (16.8)

1,859 (10.2)

1,082 (10.7)

Anxiety

2,210 (10.6)

1,357 (7.5)

654 (6.5)

Bipolar disorder

3,163 (15.2)

1,796 (9.9)

1,039 (10.3)

Depression

5,548 (26.6)

3,199 (17.6)

1,741 (17.2)

PTSD

3,541 (17.0)

1,744 (9.6)

790 (7.8)


Abbreviations: CCS, Charlson Comorbidity Score; COPD, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; SCI, Selim Comorbidity Index; PTSD, post-traumatic stress disorder.

1Data are mean ± SD (median) (range).

Tsan et al. BMC Medicine 2012 10:147   doi:10.1186/1741-7015-10-147

Open Data