Table 2

Clade recovery results from maximum-likelihood analyses with varied taxon and character inclusion used to counter long-branch attraction.

Experiment

Clade recovery


Maximum likelihood

Coleoptera + Strepsiptera

Halteria

Basal Hymenoptera

Mecopterida

Neuropteroidea (with Strepsiptera)

Amphiesmenoptera

Antliophora

Neuropterida


Third position included

+

-

+

+

+

+

+

+


Amino acids

+

-

+

+

+

+

+

+


Strepsiptera removed

N/A

N/A

+

+

+

+

+

+


Out-groups removed

+

-

N/A

+

+

+

+

+


Third RY coded

+

-

+

+

+

+

+

+


First and third RY coded

-

-

+

+

+

+

+

+


Conservative alignment

+

-

+

+

+

+

+

+


Taxa with base composition bias excluded

-

-

+

+

+

+

+

+


These variations on taxon and character inclusion (with the exception of the inclusion of third positions) are cited as a means to rectify the effects of long-branch attraction. Clade recovery from these various methods is substantially in agreement with each other and with our final results.

Wiegmann et al. BMC Biology 2009 7:34   doi:10.1186/1741-7007-7-34

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