Maximum likelihood genealogy for Ci. Parsimony bootstrap values (>70%) are given above the nodes, taken from the equivalent nodes on the parsimony trees, when available. Insertions or deletions (indels) inferred to be apomorphies are shown using black bars, but indels inferred to be homoplasious or to involve reversals not concordant with the given topologies, are not shown since approximately 27 homoplasious indels would have required showing over 90 gains and losses on the genealogy). This estimated genealogy is poorly resolved and shows many homoplasies, almost certainly due to abundant recombination, and therefore sequence groups were not labeled. MG = H. melpomene melpomene (French Guiana), MP = H. melpomene rosina (Panama), CP = H. cydno chioneus (Panama), NUM = H. numata.
Bull et al. BMC Biology 2006 4:11 doi:10.1186/1741-7007-4-11