Architecture of the bacterial replication fork. The helicase is a homohexamer that encircles the lagging strand and binds directly to the primase synthesizing the primer RNA. The clamp loader acts to hold the replisome together by binding directly to the helicase as well as three polymerase subunits for simultaneous synthesis of the leading and lagging strands. The leading strand polymerase synthesizes DNA continuously, while the other two polymerases presumably cycle on and off the lagging strand, which is coated in single-strand binding protein (SSB). The polymerase subunits are attached to circular clamps that encircle duplex DNA for enhanced processivity and speed.
Kelch et al. BMC Biology 2012 10:34 doi:10.1186/1741-7007-10-34