Number of spores at death in male and female hosts. P. ramosa had higher fitness in females than in males in both Daphnia (Experiment 2, Kruskal-Wallis rank test, Clone Kela-08-10: df = 1, χ2 = 6.2, P = 0.01; Clone Kela-20-13: df = 1, χ2 = 32.1, P < 0.00001). Error bars are 95% confidence intervals.
Duneau et al. BMC Biology 2012 10:104 doi:10.1186/1741-7007-10-104