Table 3

Percentage of public secondary school students from central El Salvador who reported engaging in a physical fight and illicit drug use by level of perceived social cohesion within school and student-school connectedness. (n = 935)

Engaged in a physical fight in past 12 months

Ever consumed illicit drugs

%

AOR (95% C.I.)c

%

AOR (95% C.I.)c


Full scale

School social cohesion

High Perceptionsa

27.5***

0.50 (0.35, 0.73)

6.5***

0.34 (0.20, 0.57)

Low Perceptionsb (referent)

42.5***

1.00

15.4***

1.00

Sub-scales

Supportive school relationships

High Perceptionsa

28.2***

0.56 (0.41, 0.78)

6.9***

0.48 (0.29, 0.77)

Low Perceptionsb (referent)

39.6***

1.00

12.0***

1.00

Student-school connectedness

High Perceptionsa

29.0***

0.49 (0.33, 0.75)

7.8*

0.47 (0.26, 0.84)

Low Perceptionsb (referent)

41.8***

1.00

12.7*

1.00

Student-teacher connectedness

High Perceptions

29.7***

0.54 (0.37, 0.79)

7.9*

0.55 (0.32, 0.95)

Low Perceptionsb (referent)

44.0***

1.00

12.7*

1.00


Bold font indicates statistical significance at p < .05.

*p < .05; **p < .01, ***p ≤ .001 based on Logistic Regression Analyses.

aRepresents students who responded "Strongly agree" or "somewhat agree" based on five-point scale

bRepresents students who responded "Strongly disagree", "somewhat disagree" or "neutral" based on 5-point scale.cAdjusted Odds Ratio. Adjusted for gender, age, rural/urban status, and perceived socio-economic status.

Springer et al. BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9:30   doi:10.1186/1472-698X-9-30

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