Table 1

Factors associated with drug planting by police among Thai injection drug users (N = 238)*

Characteristic

Yes

n (%)

n = 72

No

n (%)

n = 166

Odds Ratio

(95% CI)

p - value


Median Age

> 36.5 years

63 (52)

63 (48)

0.88 (0.54 - 1.44)

0.614

≤ 36.5 years

59 (48)

67 (52)

Gender

Female

29 (24)

37 (28)

0.78 (0.45- 1.38)

0.398

Male

93 (76)

93 (72)

Education level

< Secondary school

45 (37)

58 (45)

1.38 (0.83 - 2.28)

0.213

≥ Secondary school

77 (63)

72 (55)

Employment

Yes

20 (16)

26 (20)

0.78 (0.41 - 1.49)

0.460

No

102 (84)

104 (80)

Illegal Income

Yes

8 (7)

6 (5)

1.45 (0.49 - 4.31)

0.503

No

114 (93)

124 (95)

Heroin Use*

Yes

115 (94)

119 (92)

1.52 (0.57 - 4.05)

0.404

No

7 (6)

11 (8)

Yaba Use*

Yes

82 (67)

79 (61)

1.32 (0.79 - 2.22)

0.288

No

40 (33)

51 (39)

Midazolam Use*

Yes

97 (80)

73 (56)

3.03 (1.73 - 5.30)

< 0.001

No

25 (20)

57 (44)

Combination Drug Use*

Yes

95 (78)

80 (62)

2.20 (1.26 - 3.83)

0.005

No

27 (22)

50 (38)

Syringe Borrowing*

Yes

54 (44)

35 (27)

2.16 (1.27 - 3.65)

0.004

No

68 (56)

95 (73)

Syringe Lending*

Yes

55 (45)

37 (28)

2.06 (1.22 - 3.48)

0.007

No

67 (55)

93 (72)

Non-fatal Overdose*

Yes

51 (42)

24 (18)

3.17 (1.79 - 5.61)

< 0.001

No

71 (58)

106 (82)

Incarceration*

Yes

6 (5)

8 (6)

0.79 (0.27 -2.34)

0.669

No

116 (95)

122 (94)

Forced Drug Treatment*

Yes

48 (39)

32 (25)

1.99 (1.16 - 3.41)

0.013

No

74 (61)

98 (75)

Prescription Methadone Use*

Yes

63 (52)

48 (37)

1.82 (1.10 - 3.02)

0.019

No

59 (48)

82 (63)


*Variables refer to ever in the past.

Fairbairn et al. BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9:24   doi:10.1186/1472-698X-9-24

Open Data