Table 2

Crude and adjusted odds ratios associating a "good" level of knowledge of modifiable risk factors with specific demographic variables

Demographic

Crude odds ratio

95% CI

*Adjusted odds ratio

95% CI


Age

-Less than or equal to 35

1.00

-

confounding variable

-Greater than 35

0.59

(0.34–1.02)

Gender

-Male

1.00

-

confounding variable

-Female

0.816

(0.40–1.65)

Exercise

-No

1.00

-

1.00

-

-Yes**

6.42

(3.48–11.28)

8.41**

(4.29–16.46)

Level of formal education received

-Less than or equal to 5 years

1.00

-

1.00

-

-6–10 years

0.82

(0.16–4.01)

0.91

(0.16–5.01)

-Bachelors or some college

3.36

(0.79–14.26)

3.64

(0.83–16.01)

-Graduate school

3.61

(0.77–17.00)

3.98

(0.83–19.29)

History of Smoking cigarettes

-Current smoker

1.00

-

1.00

-

-Former smoker**

38.6

(11.83–126.04)

48.28**

(13.9–167.58)

-Never smoked**

7.34

(2.4–21.94)

8.25**

(2.53–26.72)

Known diagnosis of Hypertension

-No

1.00

-

confounding variable

-Yes

1.46

(0.58–3.67)

Known diagnosis of DM

-No

1.00

-

confounding variable

-Yes

1.42

(0.087–22.94)

Known history of Myocardial Infarction

-No

1.00

-

Confounding variable

-Yes

0.49

(0.15–1.60)


*Adjusted for confounding variables of knowledge such as age, gender, and known medical history of hypertension, DM and myocardial infarction.

** Demographic variables significantly associated with a "good" level of knowledge

Saeed et al. BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9:2   doi:10.1186/1472-698X-9-2

Open Data