Table 3

Prevalence of depressive symptoms and suicidal ideation among eighth & ninth grade secondary students attending public schools in a central region of El Salvador by socio-demographic characteristics, 1999

Factor

Sample Size

Felt sad or hopeless every day for 2 weeks in a rowc

Seriously considered attempting suicidec

Attempted suicidec




% (CI)d

Adj. OR (95% CI)e

% (CI)d

Adj. OR (95% CI)e

% (CI)d

Adj. OR (95% CI)e


Gender

Malea

512

29.1 (± 2.9)

1.00

8.0 (± 1.7)

1.00

5.1 (± 1.4)

1.00

Female

463

35.6 (± 3.0)

1.47 (1.11, 1.96)

17.9 (± 2.4)

2.83 (1.87, 4.30)

10.4 (± 1.9)

2.51 (1.49, 4.23)

Age Group(in years)

12 to 14a

294

28.6 (± 2.9)

1.00

12.8 (± 2.1)

1.00

7.2 (± 1.7)

1.00

15 to 16

462

30.7 (± 3.0)

1.16 (0.83, 1.61)

12.4 (± 2.1)

0.95 (0.60, 1.49)

7.8 (± 1.7)

1.11 (0.62, 1.99)

17 to 20

174

41.4 (± 3.2)

1.98 (1.31, 2.99)

15.0 (± 2.3)

1.41 (0.80, 2.50)

8.6 (± 1.8)

1.42 (0.69, 2.93)

Subjective Economic Status b

Low

388

37.4 (± 3.1)

1.42 (1.06, 1.90)

16.4 (± 2.4)

1.88 (1.26, 2.82)

9.1 (± 1.8)

1.44 (0.87, 2.38)

Higha

561

29.6 (± 2.9)

1.00

10.5 (± 2.0)

1.00

6.6 (± 1.6)

1.00

School Geography

Urban

486

36.2 (± 3.0)

1.57 (1.18, 2.10)

15.3 (± 2.3)

1.76 (1.17, 2.65)

8.1 (± 1.7)

1.22 (0.74, 2.01)

Rurala

489

28.2 (± 2.8)

1.00

10.1 (± 1.9)

1.00

7.2 (± 1.6)

1.00

Total

976

32.2

N/A

12.7

N/A

7.6

N/A


Bold text indicates significant at < .05 level.

Abbreviations: ref, referent; Prev., Prevalence; Adj. OR, Adjusted Odds Ratio; CI, 95% Confidence Interval; N/A, not applicable.

aReferent group; bLow = self-classification as "poor", "nearly poor" or "just getting by"; High = "living very well off" or "living comfortably"; cDuring 12 months preceding survey; dPrevalence is based on bivariate association and is unadjusted; eOR adjusted for all factors in table.

Springer et al. BMC International Health and Human Rights 2006 6:3   doi:10.1186/1472-698X-6-3

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