Table 4

Factors associated with catastrophic health expenditure in the households of Tanzania (n = 3265)
Explanatory variables Bivariate statisticsa Multivariate statisticsb
OR (95% CI) p value OR (95% CI) p value
Age(in years) of the household head 1.00 (0.99, 1.01) 0.06 1.00 (0.99, 1.01) 0.14
Women being household head 1.04 (0.84, 1.27) 0.73 1.05 (0.85, 1.30) 0.61
Household head without formal education 1.26 (0.97, 1.64) 0.08 0.80 (0.59, 1.08) 0.15
Household head being manual laborer 1.75 (1.28, 2.39) <0.001 1.54 (1.11, 2.12) 0.01
Household size more than 5 2.15 (1.77, 2.61) <0.001 1.68 (1.37, 2.07) <0.001
Asset Indexc 0.83 (0.67, 1.03) 0.09 0.78 (0.62, 0.98) 0.03
Household member with functional disability 1.61 (1.29, 2.02) 0.04 1.19 (0.93, 1.51) 0.15
Violence against women 1.80 (1.36, 2.39) <0.001 1.41 (1.05, 1.91) 0.02
Household member affected with chronic disease 2.01 (1.50, 2.68) <0.001 1.92 (1.43, 2.58) <0.001
Traditional healer visits of the household 5.17 (3.01, 8.86) <0.001 3.38 (1.96, 5.81) <0.001

aSurvey logistic regression models with catastrophic health expenditure as the dependent variable; bAdjusted for bivariate significant covariates with, catastrophic health expenditure as the dependent variable; cAsset Index constructed with Principal Component Analysis, coded as 0 = low household asset index, 1 = high household asset index.

Brinda et al.

Brinda et al. BMC International Health and Human Rights 2014 14:5   doi:10.1186/1472-698X-14-5

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