Table 4

Differences perceived by participants on particular codes of importance to public health in their village
Sr. No. Codes Watershed management village Partial watershed management village Non watershed management village
1 Water availability Improved up to certain extent Improving and hope for further improvement Water scarcity for 5–6 months, no difference
2 Agriculture, income and food Change in cropping pattern, plantation crops, vegetable crops, income level increasing, improving nutrition Changing cropping pattern, plantation crops, floriculture, income level increasing, improving nutrition Rain-fed agriculture, no change in income and nutrition
3 Migration Migration reduced, mostly men migrated without family for shorter period Migration reduced, mostly men migrated without family for shorter period Migration with family is must for most of the families
4 Education level Increased awareness about children education, girl’s education Increased awareness about children education, girl’s education Education is of secondary importance
5 Hygiene and sanitation Hand washing in practice, fewer number of toilets in use Hand washing in practice, use of toilets in each house Less use of water for hygiene and sanitation purpose, no toilets, hand washing mixed opinions
6 Epidemic diseases Almost no epidemic in last decade but few diarrhoeal cases in rainy seasons Very low Diarrhoeal diseases regular in rainy season but under control
7 Self-help groups More number of groups exist and functioning Exist and functioning Tried but failed
8 Domestic violence Comparatively less Comparatively less Comparatively more
9 Hard work of women Reduced and comparatively less Comparatively less, still burden of water collection More burden on women for water and firewood collection
10 Alcoholism in men Exists but reduced and under control Very low Exists, troublesome to women and society and not under control
11 Availability of firewood Increased Hope to generate in own field No difference, extra burden of work on women
12 Utilization of health service, modern medicine More active and time conscious More active Comparatively less active, opt for traditional measures and have income and infrastructural obstacles

Nerkar et al.

Nerkar et al. BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:42   doi:10.1186/1472-698X-13-42

Open Data