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Open Access Research article

Contribution of the Japan International Cooperation Agency health-related projects to health system strengthening

Motoyuki Yuasa1*, Yoshie Yamaguchi2 and Mihoko Imada3

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Public Health, Juntendo University Graduate School of Medicine, Hongo 2-1-1 Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8421, Japan

2 Graduate School of Medical Administration, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Yushima 1-5-45 Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8510, Japan

3 Department of Tropical Medicine and Parasite Infection, School of Medicine, Keio University, Shinano-machi 35, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 160-8582, Japan

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BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013, 13:39  doi:10.1186/1472-698X-13-39

Published: 22 September 2013

Abstract

Background

The Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) has focused its attention on appraising health development assistance projects and redirecting efforts towards health system strengthening. This study aimed to describe the type of project and targets of interest, and assess the contribution of JICA health-related projects to strengthening health systems worldwide.

Methods

We collected a web-based Project Design Matrix (PDM) of 105 JICA projects implemented between January 2005 and December 2009. We developed an analytical matrix based on the World Health Organization (WHO) health system framework to examine the PDM data and thereby assess the projects’ contributions to health system strengthening.

Results

The majority of JICA projects had prioritized workforce development, and improvements in governance and service delivery. Conversely, there was little assistance for finance or medical product development. The vast majority (87.6%) of JICA projects addressed public health issues, for example programs to improve maternal and child health, and the prevention and treatment of infectious diseases such as AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria. Nearly 90% of JICA technical healthcare assistance directly focused on improving governance as the most critical means of accomplishing its goals.

Conclusions

Our study confirmed that JICA projects met the goals of bilateral cooperation by developing workforce capacity and governance. Nevertheless, our findings suggest that JICA assistance could be used to support financial aspects of healthcare systems, which is an area of increasing concern. We also showed that the analytical matrix methodology is an effective means of examining the component of health system strengthening to which the activity and output of a project contributes. This may help policy makers and practitioners focus future projects on priority areas.

Keywords:
Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA); Health system improvement; Project design matrix