Table 1

The rural–urban divide in the number of patients and number of visits with GI diseases, stratified by gender and age
Rural Suburban Urban
Beneficiaries Pat. with GI disease (%) No. of visits with GI disease per beneficiary (mean ± SD) Beneficiaries Pat. with GI disease (%) No. of visits with GI disease per beneficiary (mean ± SD) Beneficiaries Pat. with GI disease (%) No. of visits with GI disease per beneficiary (mean ± SD)
Female
 0-17 3654 1357 (37.1) 0.79 ± 1.70 11886 4408 (37.1) 0.82 ± 1.76 44476 16150 (36.3) 0.79 ± 1.71
 18-39 3261 1329 (40.8) 1.27 ± 2.91 16293 6577 (40.4) 1.18 ± 2.62 110506 42228 (38.2) 1.05 ± 2.46
 40-64 6664 3009 (45.2) 1.77 ± 3.69 21141 8926 (42.2) 1.64 ± 3.65 103375 39711 (38.4) 1.43 ± 3.46
 > = 65 4464 2243 (50.2) 2.48 ± 5.04 10493 4846 (46.2) 2.26 ± 4.72 29858 12907 (43.2) 2.07 ± 4.49
 Subtotal 18043 7938 (44.0)* 1.66 ± 3.71** 59813 24757 (41.1)* 1.46 ± 3.37** 288215 110996 (38.5)* 1.25 ± 3.05**
Male
 0-17 3971 1449 (36.5) 0.78 ± 1.58 13037 4827 (37.0) 0.78 ± 1.64 48661 17922 (36.8) 0.79 ± 1.74
 18-39 4242 1199 (28.3) 0.81 ± 2.57 16399 4456 (27.2) 0.77 ± 2.42 88672 23716 (26.7) 0.70 ± 2.10
 40-64 7480 2791 (37.3) 1.77 ± 4.47 21394 7530 (35.2) 1.54 ± 4.02 91968 29655 (32.2) 1.26 ± 3.35
 > = 65 4236 1963 (46.3) 2.66 ± 5.58 10007 4513 (45.1) 2.48 ± 5.23 27082 11416 (42.2) 2.24 ± 4.94
 Subtotal 19929 7402 (37.1)* 1.56 ± 4.07** 60837 21326 (35.1)* 1.32 ± 3.57** 256383 82709 (32.3)* 1.08 ± 2.99**
Total 37972 15340 (40.4)* 1.6 ± 3.90 120650 46083 (38.2)* 1.39 ± 3.47 544598 193705 (35.6)* 1.17 ± 3.02

* p <0.001 of Chi-square test for the no. and percentage of patients with GI diseases among different areas.

**p <0.001 of ANOVA test for the no. of visits with GI disease within the same gender among different areas.

GI: gastrointestinal; Pat: patients; SD: standard deviation.

Lin et al.

Lin et al. BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:15   doi:10.1186/1472-698X-13-15

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