Table 2

Sensory function in the right foot of 15 falanga (F) and 17 no falanga (NF) torture victims and 14 healthy controls (C) (mean, SD, 95% CI, median and range for eight QST variables)
Right foot MDT CDT WDT CPT HPT PPT Wind-up mm Wind-up mm
target force g °C °C °C °C kPa at 0.3 Hz at 1.0 Hz
Mean Mean Mean Mean Mean Mean Mean Mean
SD SD SD SD SD SD SD SD
CI CI CI CI CI CI CI CI
Median Median Median Median Median Median Median Median
(Range) (Range) (Range) (Range) (Range) (Range) (Range) (Range)
Falanga n=15 5.66 25.2 43.2 19.1 47.0 252 16 29
15.22 4.8 4.9 9.2 4.6 206 20 23
−2.77–14.09 22.5–27.9 40.5–45.9 14.0–24.2 44.5–49.6 138–365 4–28 16–43
1.00 27.0 44.5 21.7 49.9 181 10 27
(0.16–60.00) (14.4–30.7) (35.5–50.0) (0–29.2) (37.9-50.0) (19–833) (−3–72) (0–82)
No Falanga n=17 3.71 22.5 44.2 15.3 48.9 275 5 27
4.62 7.7 4.7 9.7 1.8 205 8 18
1.33–6.09 18.4–26.5 41.7–46.7 9.9–20.6 47.9–49.9 169–380 1–9 17–36
1.00 24.8 44.6 18.5 50.0 214 2 35
(0.07–15.00) (0–29.4) (34.0–50.0) (0–26.3) (44.3–50.0) (98–818) (−4–23) (0–51)
Controls n=14 0.41 28.0 40.1 18.2 46.7 485 17 30
0.35 2.4 2.8 8.3 2.5 179 14 19
0.21–0.61 26.6–29.4 38.5–41.7 13.5–23.0 45.3–48.2 381–588 9–25 18–41
0.28 28.8 40.3 21.2 46.8 460 17 28
(0.07–1.00) (20.9–30.1) (35.3–43.3) (2.6–27.7) (42.4–50.0) (240–912) (−3–45) (0–62)
ANOVA p-value 0.010 * 0.019 0.030 0.505 0.150 0.005 0.050 0.924
Tukeys post hoc test F/NF 0.880 * 0.278 0.791 0.507 0.264 0.941 0.122 0.949
F/C 0.043 * 0.361 0.128 0.967 0.964 0.008 0.970 0.999
NF/C 0.011 * 0.014 0.027 0.673 0.176 0.014 0.067 0.930

MDT, mechanical detection threshold; g, gram; CDT, cold detection threshold; WDT, warm detection threshold; CPT, cold pain threshold; HPT, heat pain threshold; PPT, pressure pain threshold; kPa, kiloPascal; Wind-up mm at 0.3 Hz (mean pre/post difference in pain intensity VAS mm after wind-up stimulation at 0.3 Hz); Wind-up mm at 1.0 Hz (mean pre/post difference in pain intensity VAS mm after wind-up stimulation at 1.0 Hz); * calculated on log MDT.

Prip et al.

Prip et al. BMC International Health and Human Rights 2012 12:39   doi:10.1186/1472-698X-12-39

Open Data