Table 3

Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for factors associated with delivery assisted by trained personnel among Ghanaian women in 2008
Background variables Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4
OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
Age
15-24 years 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
25-34 years 1.4 (1.1-1.7) 1.8 (1.3-2.4) 1.6 (1.1-2.2) 1.6 (1.2-2.3)
35-49 years 1.0 (0.8-1.3) 2.2 (1.4-3.2) 2.0 (1.3-3.0) 2.0 (1.3-3.1)
Place of residence
Rural 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Urban 6.4 (5.1-8.0) 2.2 (1.6-3.0) 2.3 (1.7-3.2) 2.1 (1.5-2.9)
Parity
1 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
2 0.6 (0.5-0.9) 0.8 (0.5-1.1) 0.8 (0.5-1.1) 0.8 (0.5-1.2)
3 0.4 (0.3-0.6) 0.7 (0.5-0.9) 0.7 (0.5-1.0) 0.7 (0.5-1.1)
4 or more 0.2 (0.1-0.3) 0.5 (0.3-0.7) 0.5 (0.3-0.8) 0.6 (0.4-0.9)
Marital status
Never married 1.0
Currently married 0.7 (0.5-1.0)
Formerly married 0.7 (0.4-1.2)
Education
No education 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Primary 2.0 (1.6-2.5) 1.2 (0.9-1.6) 1.2 (0.9-1.7) 1.0 (0.8-1.4)
Secondary or Higher 5.8 (4.6-7.2) 2.1 (1.6-2.8) 2.1 (1.5-2.8) 1.8 (1.3-2.5)
Religion
Traditional 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Moslem 4.3 (2.7-6.8) 2.1 (1.3-3.6) 1.8 (1.1-3.2) 1.9 (1.1-3,3)
Christian 7.1 (4.7-10.9) 2.4 (1.4-3.8) 2.2 (1.3-3.6) 1.8 (1.1-3.0)
Wealth Index
Poorest 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Poorer 3.1 (2.4-4.1) 2.2 (1.7-3.1) 2.3 (1.7-3.1) 2.1 (1.5-3.0)
Middle 5.1 (3.8-6.8) 2.4 (1.7-3.4) 2.3 (1.6-3.3) 2.0 (1.4-3.0)
Richer 12.0 (8.7-16.5) 4.5 (3.0-6.7) 3.9 (2.6-5.9) 3.5 (2.2-5.4)
Richest 46.2 (27.1-78.9) 11.1 (6.0-20.7) 5.3 (1.7-3.2) 8.2 (4.2-16.0)
Timing of antenatal care visits
Late 1.0 1.0
Early 1.8 (1.5-2.1) 0.8 (0.7-1.0)
Partner’s education
No education 1.0 1.0
Primary 2.0 (1.4-2.8) 1.6 (1.1-2.5)
Secondary or Higher 5.1 (4.1-6.4) 1.7 (1.2-2.3)

Model 1=bivariate analyses.

Model 2 =Multivariate analyses of all independent variable statistically significant at the bivariate level.

Model 3= Model 2 plus timing of antenatal care visits.

Model 4=Model 3 plus partner’s education.

Doku et al.

Doku et al. BMC International Health and Human Rights 2012 12:29   doi:10.1186/1472-698X-12-29

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