Table 2

Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for factors associated with early antenatal care visit among Ghanaian women in 2008
Background variables Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
Age
15-24 years 1.0 1.0 1.0
25-34 years 1.6 (1.2-1.9) 1.5 (1.2-1.9) 1.5 (1.1-1.9)
35-49 years 1.2 (0.9-1.5) 1.2 (1.0-1.6) 0.2 (0.9-1.6)
Place of residence
Rural 1.0 1.0
Urban 1.4 (1.2-1.7) 1.2 (1.0-1.5)
Parity
1 1.0
2 1.3 (0.9-1.7)
3 1.0 (0.7-1.3)
4 or more 0.7 (0.5-0.9)
Marital status
Never married 1.0
Currently married 1.0 (0.7-1.4)
Formerly married 1.0 (0.6-1.6)
Education
No education 1.0 1.0
Primary 1.4 (1.1-1.8) 1.2 (1.0-1.6)
Secondary or Higher 1.9 (1.5-2.3) 1.2 (1.0-1.6)
Religion
Traditional 1.0 1.0 1.0
Moslem 1.5 (1.0-2.3) 1.2 (0.8-1.9) 1.4 (0.8-2.2)
Christian 2.6 (1.8-3.9) 1.8 (1.2-2.7) 1.8 (1.1-2.8)
Wealth Index
Poorest 1.0 1.0 1.0
Poorer 1.4 (1.0-1.8) 1.2 (0.9-1.6) 1.0 (0.7-1.4)
Middle 1.6 (1.2-2.1) 1.4 (1.0-2.0) 1.2 (0.8-1.6)
Richer 2.0 (1.5-2.6) 1.8 (1.2-2.6) 1.6 (1.1-2.2)
Richest 3.7 (2.7-5.2) 3.4 (2.2-5.2) 2.6 (1.7-3.8)
Partner’s education
No education 1.0 1.0
Primary 1.1 (0.8-1.7) 1.0 (0.6-1.5)
Secondary or Higher 2.0 (1.6-2.5) 1.3 (1.1-1.8)

Model 1=bivariate analyses.

Model 2 =Multivariate analyses of all independent variable statistically. significant at the bivariate level.

Model 3=Model 2 plus partner’s education.

Doku et al.

Doku et al. BMC International Health and Human Rights 2012 12:29   doi:10.1186/1472-698X-12-29

Open Data