Table 1

Distribution of socio-demographic factors in relation to the timing of antenatal care visit and type of delivery assistance among Ghanaian women
Socio-demographic factors Number Percentage Delivery Assistance Timing of antenatal care
Trained Untrained Early Late
Age (N=2099) P=0.004 P<0.001
15-24 years 505 24.0 22.7 26.4 21.3 27.5
25-34 years 982 46.8 49.6 42.0 50.9 41.9
35-49 years 612 29.1 27.7 31.6 27.8 30.6
Place of residence (N=2099) P<0.001 P<0.001
Urban 844 40.2 54.4 15.7 44.8 36.0
Rural 1255 59.8 45.6 84.3 55.2 64.0
Parity (N=2098) P<0.001 P<0.001
1 467 22.3 25.9 16.1 23.8 21.3
2 436 20.8 22.7 17.4 23.9 16.7
3 349 16.6 17.0 16.1 17.2 15.9
4 or more 846 40.3 34.4 59.5 35.8 46.0
Marital status (N=2099) P=0.166 P=0.976
Never married 129 6.1 6.8 4.8 6.2 6.1
Currently married 1837 87.5 86.6 89.0 87.8 87.7
Formerly married 133 6.3 6.5 6.1 6.1 6.3
Education (N=2097) P<0.001 P<0.001
No education 647 30.8 20.3 49.0 25.2 37.1
Primary 511 24.1 22.8 27.2 23.8 24.1
Secondary or higher 939 44.8 56.9 23.8 51.0 38.8
Religion (N=2098) P<0.001 P<0.001
Other 90 4.3 3.5 5.8 3.6 4.3
Moslem 378 18.0 16.3 21.0 15.2 22.7
Traditional 126 6.0 2.3 12.4 3.7 8.1
Christian 1504 71.7 78.0 60.8 77.5 64.8
Wealth Index (N=2099) P<0.001 P<0.001
Poorest 480 22.9 10.3 44.6 17.3 28.5
Poorest 461 22.0 19.2 26.5 19.9 24.0
Middle 400 19.1 20.3 17.0 19.1 19.6
Rich 436 20.8 27.2 9.8 23.1 19.0
Richest 322 15.3 22.9 2.1 20.6 9.0
Partner’s education (N=1878) P<0.001 P<0.001
No education 483 25.7 15.0 44.3 19.8 31.8
Primary 159 8.5 7.1 10.8 7.1 10.0
Secondary or higher 1236 65.8 77.9 44.9 73.0 58.2
Timing of antenatal care visit (N=2014) P<0.001
Early (within first trimester) 1154 57.3 37.8 52.0
Late 860 42.7 62.2 48.9
Number of antenatal visits (N=2053) P<0.001 P<0.001
No visit 72 3.5 0.9 8.2
1-3 visits 338 16.5 9.8 28.2 6.5 31.1
4-6 visits 900 43.9 41.2 48.3 41.4 51.2
6 visits or more 740 36.1 48.0 15.3 52.0 17.7
Type of delivery assistance (N=2096) P<0.001
Trained assistants 1330 63.5 70.9 57.8
Traditional birth assistants 642 30.6 24 35.6
No one 124 5.9 4.4 6.5

Doku et al.

Doku et al. BMC International Health and Human Rights 2012 12:29   doi:10.1186/1472-698X-12-29

Open Data