Table 4

Distribution of dichotomized outcomes (A), crude odds ratios (B), and adjusted odds ratios (C)
Outcome: High standard of living Often necessary medical care Good physical health Good mental health Can read a letter Completed primary education High participation in school Work (incl. housewife) High participation in work Good listening performance High participation in using public transportation Good ambulatory performance
A. Distribution of dichotomized outcomes, % (n)
Users of hearing aids 68.9 (93) 70.4 (95) 50.7 (69) 44.9 (61) 67.6 (92) 58.1 (79) 60.3 (35) 47.1 (64) 52.4 (22) 75.0 (102) 64.2 (86) 94.8 (128)
Non-users of hearing aids 42.6 (63) 43.9 (65) 30.2 (45) 23.5 (35) 25.5 (38) 22.8 (34) 33.3 (8) 69.8 (104) 14.7 (5) 20.3 (30) 39.6 (59) 72.1 (106)
Users of wheelchairs 48.3 (72) 48.0 (71) 63.1 (94) 54.4 (81) 47.0 (70) 39.6 (59) 55.2 (16) 31.5 (47) 42.4 (14) 90.6 (135) 31.7 (45) 52.3 (78)
Non-users of wheelchairs 38.9 (58) 35.8 (53) 53.7 (80) 45.6 (68) 38.9 (58) 36.2 (54) 45.7 (16) 40.9 (61) 37.1 (13) 86.6 (129) 31.7 (46) 26.8 (40)
B. Crude Odds Ratios (95% CI) regarding use of assistive technology versus no use
Use of hearing aid 3.00 (1.83-4.87) 3.03 (1.86-4.96) 2.38 (1.46-3.87) 2.65 (1.60-4.40) 6.11 (3.65-10.2) 4.69 (2.81-7.82) 3.04 (1.12-8.26) 0.38 (0.24-0.62) 6.38 (2.07-19.7) 11.8 (6.75-20.6) 2.73 (1.69-4.43) 7.07 (3.05-16.4)
Use of wheelchair 1.47 (0.93-2.32) 1.65 (1.04-2.63) 1.47 (0.93-2.34) 1.42 (0.90-2.24) 1.39 (0.88-2.20) 1.15 (0.72-1.84) 1.46 (0.54-3.93) 0.66 (0.41-1.07) 1.25 (0.47-3.30) 1.50 (0.72-3.08) 1.00 (0.61-1.64) 3.00 (1.84-4.86)
C. Adjusted Odds Ratios (95% CI) regarding use of assistive technology versus no use
Use of hearing aid 2.07 (1.17-3.65) 1.82 (1.003-3.32) 1.80 (1.07-3.02) 2.04 (1.19-3.50) 5.05 (2.90-8.78) 3.84 (2.19-6.71) 5.16 (1.57-17.0) 0.56 (0.31-1.02) 4.94 (1.31-18.6) 13.6 (7.28-25.5) 2.06 (1.23-3.44) 6.06 (2.52-14.6)
Use of wheelchair 1.28 (0.76-2.16) 1.33 (0.75-2.36) 1.21 (0.74-1.99) 1.23 (0.76-1.97) 1.11 (0.67-1.84) 0.88 (0.53-1.48) 1.18 (0.38-3.60) 0.59 (0.36-0.98) 0.65 (0.20-2.13) - 0.85 (0.50-1.42) 3.04 (1.84-5.01)

Adjustments were made for sex, age, place of living and economic situation. (Bold = Significance level at p<0.05).

CI = Confidence Interval.

Borg et al.

Borg et al. BMC International Health and Human Rights 2012 12:18   doi:10.1186/1472-698X-12-18

Open Data