Table 4

Comparison of total sample demographics with 2006 Census data for Western Australia

Afghan sample

(n = 90)

Census

Afghan born (n = 1460)

Kurdish sample

(n = 103)

Census

Iraq born

(n = 1680)

Census -

Iran born

(n = 2190)


Place of birth

Iran

4

39

Iraq

59

Afghanistan

78

India

4

Pakistan

3

Turkey

3

Not stated

1

2

Gender

Male

50%

54%

53%

53%

52%

Female

50%

46%

47%

47%

48%

Median age

20-29

28.9 years

30-39

35.7 yrs

40.4 yrs

Religion*

Muslim

98%

95%

89%

31%

32%

Speaks English **

76%

68%

95%

71%

81%

Post school

qualifications ***

59%

34%

33%

33%

59%

Arrival pre-1996

46%

27%

52%

33%

55%


*Note that census data for Iraq and Iran-born people includes groups other than Kurds. The Iraq and Iran-born groups include Bahai's and Christians, many of whom sought refuge from religious persecution as minorities in these countries. In comparison, the majority of Kurds are Muslim with small numbers following traditional Kurdish religions. These differences are not reflected in census data.

**Refugee study data includes people with varying English language skills. They were not asked to rate their English ability, just whether they could speak functional English or not, so percentages are likely to be higher than census data reporting the ability to speak English well.

*** Census data also includes people aged 15-17 who are still likely to be at school, whereas the study included those 18 and older who have mostly left school with many going on to further study

Sulaiman-Hill and Thompson BMC International Health and Human Rights 2011 11:2   doi:10.1186/1472-698X-11-2

Open Data