Table 2

Documented 11 studies reviews (from the 9 selected articles) on disasters and measles outbreaks in displaced populations, 1979--2005

Countries, type of displaced population/Reference

Type of disaster/Year

Total displaced populations

Documentation surveillance approach

AR (Case/Pop. at Risk)

CFR (Death/Cases)

Documentation on laboratory confirmation

Documentation on malnutrition


Cambodian refugees in Thailand[37]

Conflict 1979--1980

Average: 53666

(Pop. in camp)

Not described

(161/924) 17.4%

(10/161)

6.2%

No

Yes


Ethiopian refugees in Wad Kowli (Sudan) [20]

Conflict + Famine 1985

85000

(Pop. in camp)

Not described

(2639/85000) 3.1%

(855/2639)

32.4%

Not described

Yes


Mozambican refugees in Malawi [7]

Conflict 1988--1989

78568

(Pop. in camp)

Passive surveillance

(744/78568) 0.95%

(103/744)

13.8%

Not described

No


Vietnamese refugees in Hong Kong [8]

Conflict 1991--1992

7017

(Pop. in camp)

Passive surveillance

(262/1026)

25.5%

(2/262)

0.76%

Not described

Yes


Burundian refugees in Tanzania [11]

Conflict 2000--2001

170500

(pop. in camp)

Passive surveillance + Active case findings

(1062/170500) 0.62%

(0/1062)

0.0%

Yes

No


Turkmen + Uzbek refugees in Afghanistan [4]

Conflict 2000--2001

115000

(Pop. in camp)

Not described

(80/22000) 0.36%

(12/80)

15.0%

Yes

Yes


IDP's in White Nile state (Sudan) [56]

Conflict 2003--2004

91000

(Total Pop. of administrative unit)

Active case findings

(621/91000)

0.68%

(8/621)

1.3%

Yes

Yes


IDP's in Khartoum (Sudan)[56]

Conflict 2003--2004

75000

(Pop. in administrative unit)

Active case findings

(523/75000)

0.69%

(2/523)

0.4%

Yes

Yes


IPD's in North Darfur (Sudan) [47]

Conflict 2004

657774

(Pop. in targeted zone)

Passive surveillance

(521/512058) 0.10%

(88/521)

16.9%

Yes

Yes


IDP's in West Darfur (Sudan) [47]

Conflict 2004

688984

(Pop. in targeted zone)

Passive surveillance

(204/461619) 0.04%

(20/204)

9.8%

Yes

Yes


IDP's in Tamil Nadu (India) [3]

Tsunami 2004--2005

53104

(Total Pop. in the affected villages)

Passive surveillance + Active case findings

(71/53104) 0.13%

(0/71)

0.0%

Yes

No


IDP's = internally displaced persons AR = attack rate CFR = case-fatality rate

Kouadio et al. BMC International Health and Human Rights 2010 10:5   doi:10.1186/1472-698X-10-5

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