Table 4

Final multivariate models of variables associated with testing uptake by country* (Adjusted OR and cluster adjusted confidence intervals)

Botswana

Adjusted OR

99%CIca for Adjusted OR


Male sex

0.70

0.56-0.87

Choice-disabled for condom use

0.58

0.34-0.99

Learned about HIV/AIDS from church

1.35

1.04-1.76

Learned about HIV/AIDS from clinic/health centre

2.84

1.68-4.82

Learned about HIV/AIDS from family

1.59

1.16-2.19

Talked often to others about HIV/AIDS

1.46

1.09-1.94


Lesotho

Adjusted OR

99%CIca for Adjusted OR


Learned about HIV/AIDS from print materials

1.49

1.06-2.11

Learned about HIV/AIDS from church

1.46

1.04-2.04

Learned about HIV/AIDS from clinic/health centre

2.06

1.27-3.34

Learned about HIV/AIDS from family

1.48

1.07-2.05

Talked often to others about HIV/AIDS

1.77

1.27-2.46

Feels telling people you are HIV positive helps

1.58

1.21-2.06

Knows that ARVs can help a person live longer

1.88

1.39-2.56


Malawi

Adjusted OR

99%CIca for Adjusted OR


16 - 39 years of age

1.78

1.27-2.49

Learned about HIV/AIDS from print materials

1.87

1.46-2.39

Learned about HIV/AIDS from clinic/health centre

2.25

1.19-4.24

Talked often to others about HIV/AIDS

1.60

1.14-2.25


Mozambique

Adjusted OR

99%CIca for Adjusted OR


16 - 39 years of age

1.67

1.13-2.47

Male sex

0.63

0.50-0.80

Secondary education or above

1.63

1.17-2.27

Learned about HIV/AIDS from television

1.73

1.25-2.40

Learned about HIV/AIDS from print materials

1.42

1.06-1.91

Learned about HIV/AIDS from clinic/heath centre

1.99

1.27-3.12

Talked often to others about HIV/AIDS

1.81

1.35-2.44

Knows that ARVs can help a person live longer

1.78

1.22-2.60


Namibia

Adjusted OR

99%CIca for Adjusted OR


Male sex

0.56

0.45-0.69

Learned about HIV/AIDS from television

1.51

1.18-1.94

Learned about HIV/AIDS from church

1.35

1.06-1.73

Learned about HIV/AIDS from clinic/heath centre

1.77

1.11-2.83

Talked often to others about HIV/AIDS

1.78

1.49-2.14


South Africa

Adjusted OR

99%CIca for Adjusted OR


Learned about HIV/AIDS from clinic/health centre

2.45

1.57-3.82

Learned about HIV/AIDS from family

1.73

1.21-2.48


Swaziland

Adjusted OR

99%CIca for Adjusted OR


Male sex

0.49

0.35-0.70

Learned about HIV/AIDS from clinic/health centre

3.39

2.00-5.72

Talked often to others about HIV/AIDS

1.48

1.16-1.90

Knows that ARVs can help a person live longer

1.91

1.32-2.75

Experienced partner violence

1.61

1.08-2.40


Tanzania

Adjusted OR

99%CIca for Adjusted OR


Secondary education or above

1.29

1.04-1.62

Learned about HIV/AIDS from clinic/health centre

2.00

1.49-2.69

Talked often to others about HIV/AIDS

1.56

1.12-2.15

Would tell someone if they were HIV positive

1.55

1.06-2.28

Knows that ARVs can help a person live longer

1.60

1.15-2.24


Zambia

Adjusted OR

99%CIca for Adjusted OR


Male sex

0.50

0.39-0.64

Learned about HIV/AIDS from print materials

1.59

1.21-2.09

Learned about HIV/AIDS from clinic/health centre

1.87

1.27-2.76

Would tell someone if they were HIV positive

1.82

1.21-2.74

Knows that ARVs can help a person live longer

1.81

1.24-2.63


Zimbabwe

Adjusted OR

99%CIca for Adjusted OR


Male sex

0.70

0.55-0.88

Secondary education or above

1.55

1.20-1.99

Learned about HIV/AIDS from clinic/health centre

1.83

1.28-2.63

Talked often to others about HIV/AIDS

1.57

1.23-1.99


*variables in initial models: age, sex, education level, household income, urban/rural location, food security, condom use with non-regular partner, number of partners in the last year, condom choice-disability, experience of partner violence, feeling at risk for HIV, sources of information about HIV, discussing HIV/AIDS, would tell someone if they knew they were HIV positive, feeling HIV/AIDS is punishment for sinning, thinking those with HIV/AIDS should live apart from others, feeling that telling others you are HIV positive does not help, and knowledge that an HIV infected person live longer when taking ARVs

Mitchell et al. BMC International Health and Human Rights 2010 10:23   doi:10.1186/1472-698X-10-23

Open Data