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Open Access Research article

Culturally-adapted and audio-technology assisted HIV/AIDS awareness and education program in rural Nigeria: a cohort study

Ighovwerha Ofotokun1*, Jose Nilo G Binongo2, Eli S Rosenberg3, Michael Kane4, Rick Ifland4, Jeffrey L Lennox1 and Kirk A Easley3

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, Emory University, Atlanta GA, USA

2 Department of Mathematics & Statistics, Kennesaw State University, Kennesaw, GA, USA

3 Department of Biostatistics & Bioinformatics, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta GA, USA

4 Voice for Humanity, 841 Corporate Drive, Suite 205, Lexington KY, USA

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BMC International Health and Human Rights 2010, 10:2  doi:10.1186/1472-698X-10-2

Published: 2 February 2010

Abstract

Background

HIV-awareness programs tailored toward the needs of rural communities are needed. We sought to quantify change in HIV knowledge in three rural Nigerian villages following an integrated culturally adapted and technology assisted educational intervention.

Methods

A prospective 14-week cohort study was designed to compare short-term changes in HIV knowledge between seminar-based education program and a novel program, which capitalized on the rural culture of small-group oral learning and was delivered by portable digital-audio technology.

Results

Participants were mostly Moslem (99%), male (53.5%), with no formal education (55%). Baseline HIV knowledge was low (<80% correct answers for 9 of the 10 questions). Knowledge gain was higher (p < 0.0001 for 8 of 10 questions) in the integrated culturally adapted and technology-facilitated (n = 511) compared with the seminar-based (n = 474) program.

Conclusions

Baseline HIV-awareness was low. Culturally adapted, technology-assisted HIV education program is a feasible cost-effective method of raising HIV awareness among low-literacy rural communities.