Table 1

Health Services Research Doctoral Level Core Competencies and Associated Learning Objective Content Areas

#

Core Competency

Associated Learning Objective Content Areas


1

Demonstrate breadth of HSR theoretical and conceptual knowledge by applying alternative models from a range of relevant disciplines.

Biomedicine

Economics

Epidemiology

Informatics

Management Sciences

Political Science

Psychology

Sociology

Statistics

2

Apply in-depth disciplinary knowledge and skills relevant to health services research.

Variable depending on the discipline or interdisciplinary area of specialization

3

Apply knowledge of the structures, performance, quality, policy, and environmental context of health and health care to formulate solutions for health policy problems.

Access and Use

Financing of Health Care

Health

Health Economics

Health Policy

Organization of Health Care

Quality of Care

4

Pose innovative and important health service research questions, informed by systematic reviews of the literature, stakeholder needs, and relevant theoretical and conceptual models.

Scientific Method and Theory

Literature Review

Proposal Development

5

Select appropriate interventional, observational, or qualitative study designs to address specific health services research questions.

Study Design for Interventions

Observational Study Design

Qualitative Research

6

Know how to collect primary health and health care data obtained by survey, qualitative, or mixed methods.

Survey Research

Qualitative Research

Primary Data Acquisition and Quality Control

7

Know how to assemble secondary data from existing public and private sources.

Health Informatics

HSR Data Sources

Secondary Data Acquisition and Quality Control

8

Use conceptual models and operational measures to specify study constructs for a health services research question and develop variables that reliably and validly measure these constructs.

Measurement Theory and Methods

Variable Construction

9

Implement research protocols with standardized procedures that ensure reproducibility of the science.

Research Management

10

Ensure the ethical and responsible conduct of research in the design, implementation, and dissemination of health services research.

Research Ethics

11

Work collaboratively in multi-disciplinary teams.

Teamwork

12

Use appropriate analytical methods to clarify associations between variables and to delineate causal inferences.

Advanced HSR Analytic Methods

Advanced Statistics

Economic Evaluation

Decision Sciences

13

Effectively communicate the findings and implications of HSR through multiple modalities to technical and lay audiences.

Proposal Development

Dissemination

14

Understand the importance of collaborating with stakeholders, such as policymakers, organizations, and communities to plan, conduct, and translate health services research into policy and practice.

Community Participatory Research

Translating research into practice and policy


Forrest et al. BMC Health Services Research 2009 9:107   doi:10.1186/1472-6963-9-107

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