Open Access Highly Accessed Research article

Physicians' attitudes about obesity and their associations with competency and specialty: A cross-sectional study

Melanie Jay1*, Adina Kalet1, Tavinder Ark1, Michelle McMacken1, Mary Jo Messito2, Regina Richter1, Sheira Schlair1, Scott Sherman13, Sondra Zabar1 and Colleen Gillespie1

Author Affiliations

1 Division of General Internal Medicine, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY USA

2 Department of Pediatrics, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY USA

3 VA New York Harbor Healthcare System, New York, NY USA

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BMC Health Services Research 2009, 9:106  doi:10.1186/1472-6963-9-106

Published: 24 June 2009

Abstract

Background

Physicians frequently report negative attitudes about obesity which is thought to affect patient care. However, little is known about how attitudes toward treating obese patients are formed. We conducted a cross-sectional survey of physicians in order to better characterize their attitudes and explore the relationships among attitudes, perceived competency in obesity care, including report of weight loss in patients, and other key physician, training, and practice characteristics.

Methods

We surveyed all 399 physicians from internal medicine, pediatrics, and psychiatry specialties at one institution regarding obesity care attitudes, competency, including physician report of percent of their patients who lose weight. We performed a factor analysis on the attitude items and used hierarchical regression analysis to explore the degree to which competency, reported weight loss, physician, training and practice characteristics explained the variance in each attitude factor.

Results

The overall response rate was 63%. More than 40% of physicians had a negative reaction towards obese patients, 56% felt qualified to treat obesity, and 46% felt successful in this realm. The factor analysis revealed 4 factors–Physician Discomfort/Bias, Physician Success/Self Efficacy, Positive Outcome Expectancy, and Negative Outcome Expectancy. Competency and reported percent of patients who lose weight were most strongly associated with the Physician Success/Self Efficacy attitude factor. Greater skill in patient assessment was associated with less Physician Discomfort/Bias. Training characteristics were associated with outcome expectancies with newer physicians reporting more positive treatment expectancies. Pediatric faculty was more positive and psychiatry faculty less negative in their treatment expectancies than internal medicine faculty.

Conclusion

Physician attitudes towards obesity are associated with competency, specialty, and years since postgraduate training. Further study is necessary to determine the direction of influence and to explore the impact of these attitudes on patient care.