Table 1

Classification of screening test results and recommendations made to individuals who participated in the National Campaign to Detect Diabetes Mellitus

Categoriesa

Recommendation


Fasting capillary glucoseb (mmol/l)

< 5.6

Normal

Repeat test in 3 years

5.6 to 6.0

High normalc

Schedule future appointment

6.1 to 6.9

Borderlinec

Schedule future appointment

7.0 to 11.1

Altered

Order fasting serum glucose and recommend return medical appointment

11.1 to 14.9

Diabetes likely

Order fasting serum glucose and schedule clinical appointment

≥ 15.0

Diabetes very likely

Immediate consultation with physician

Non-fasting capillary glucose (mmol/l)

< 7.8

Normal

Repeat test in 3 years

7.8 to 11.0

Borderline

Schedule future appointment

11.1 to 14.9

Diabetes likely

Order fasting serum glucose and schedule clinical appointment

≥ 15.0

Diabetes very likely

Immediate consultation with physician.


Brazil, 2001.

a All screening results not classified as normal were considered positive.

b Fasting was defined as absence of food ingestion 4 hours prior to capillary glucose test.

c These subcategories were developed for the purpose of this study, having been treated as a single category (borderline) during the program implementation.

Toscano et al. BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:189   doi:10.1186/1472-6963-8-189

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