Table 5

Characteristics of the 75 mixed methods studies in HSR

Characteristic

Proposal N = 43* % (n)

Report N = 48% (n)


Type of study

Evaluation

53% (23)

46% (22)

Fieldwork and survey

35% (15)

40% (19)

Feasibility study

7% (3)

10% (5)

Instrument development

5% (2)

4% (2)


Purpose of the study

Explanatory

65% (28)

58% (28)

Exploratory

28% (12)

42% (20)

Both

7% (3)

0% (0)


Components

Qualitative:

79% (34)

67% (32)

Interview study

79% (34)

67% (32)

Focus group study

12% (5)

23% (11)

Observation

2% (1)

10% (5)

Case studies

19% (8)

40% (19)

Documentary analysis

2% (1)

2% (1)

Other e.g. diaries

0% (0)

4% (2)

Quantitative:

40% (17)

62% (30)

Survey

40% (17)

62% (30)

Other observational study

26% (11)

19% (9)

RCT

28% (12)

21% (10)

Other intervention study

28% (12)

23% (11)

Economic

40% (17)

23% (11)

Other

7% (3)

2% (1)


* two studies were not mixed methods studies at the proposal stage and were not included here

O'Cathain et al. BMC Health Services Research 2007 7:85   doi:10.1186/1472-6963-7-85

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