Table 1

Effectiveness of specific intervention components

n

Total comparisons OR (95%CI)


Total effect

81

2.13 (1.72–2.65)

Single interventions

22

2.18 (1.62–2.94)

Multifaceted interventions

59

1.77 (1.36–2.31)

Single intervention strategies

Reminders

18

2.14 (1.49–3.07)

Feedback

4

2.33 (1.32–4.10)


Components of multifaceted intervention strategies

n

Unadjusted Odds ratios OR (95%CI)

Adjusted Odds ratios# OR (95%CI)


Educational meeting (ab)

34

1.98 (1.39–2.82)

0.66 (0.25–1.76)

Educational material (bc)

41

2.13 (1.60–2.84)

1.84 (1.09–3.11)

Consensus meeting (ad)

6

1.35 (0.73–2.49)

0.76 (0.56–1.04)

Reminders (ac)

54

2.10 (1.61–2.75)

1.92 (1.39–2.65)

Feedback (ac)

20

2.01 (1.28–3.18)

2.50 (1.38–4.52)

Patient mediated (abc)

12

2.00 (1.08–3.70)

0.64 (0.16–2.54)

Outreach

2

1.67 (0.70–4.01)

Na

Opinion leader

5

1.51 (1.13–2.02)

na

Revision of professional roles (abc)

13

2.57 (1.13–5.87)

9.78 (3.22–29.70)

Financial

3

3.16 (0.40–24.9)

Na

Organisational (abce)

15

1.89 (1.12–3.20)

8.41 (0.81–87.2)


n: number of comparisons, OR: Odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) of intervention versus control

# adjusted for other intervention components if present in > 1/3 of the comparisons.

Adjusted for (a): educational material, (b): reminders (c): educational meeting (d): feedback (e): revision of professional roles, na: not available due to small numbers.

Dijkstra et al. BMC Health Services Research 2006 6:53   doi:10.1186/1472-6963-6-53

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