Table 3

Comparing the two reviews
Innvaer [[10]] Current systematic review
Number of studies 24 145
Study designs Mainly small survey and interview-based studies of policymakers’ perceptions Mainly small survey and interview-based studies of policymakers’ perceptions with a minority of in-depth case studies
Policy domains All health Mainly health, but with studies from a wide range of policy contexts
Countries Mainly OECD At least 1/3 from LMIC
Main facilitator Personal contact between researchers and PMs Available, clear and relevant research evidence
Timeliness and relevance of research, with clear recommendations & high quality Relationships, collaboration & contact between researchers and PMs
Research confirming current policy Timing, practical managerial support and
Main barriers Absence of personal contact between researchers and policymakers Lack of clear or relevant research evidence, costs
Lack of timeliness or relevance Lack of timeliness or opportunity
Mutual mistrust between scientists and policymakers Lack of PM research skills or awareness
Power and budget struggles

Oliver et al.

Oliver et al. BMC Health Services Research 2014 14:2   doi:10.1186/1472-6963-14-2

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