Table 2

Barriers and Facilitators categorised into themes (n = number of studies)
Seen as barrier Factor Seen as facilitator
85 Contact and collaboration 98
8 Collaboration 49
42 Timing/opportunity 24
8 Relationship with policymakers 39
8 Relationship with researchers/info staff 37
8 Contact with researchers/info staff 31
9 Contact with policymakers 30
2 Other 1
92 Organisation and resources 99
63 Availability and access to research/improved dissemination 65
25 Costs 11
3 Managerial support (practical) 22
11 Professional bodies 15
11 Material resources available 12
14 Staff or personnel resources 10
3 Managerial will 5
9 Staff turnover/continuity of employment 3
9 Other 9
85 Research and researcher characteristics 95
54 Clarity/relevance/reliability of research findings 46
18 Format of research findings 26
9 Importance of research findings 10
25 Other 32
62 Policymaker characteristics 69
26 Policymaker research skills 22
24 Policymaker research awareness 10
13 Political support (will) 21
4 Political support (practical) 12
12 Practitioner research skills 6
3 Practitioner research awareness 2
6 Other 11
28 Policy characteristics 33
6 Guidelines or policy statement 9
9 Importance of policy 11
5 Legal or legislative support 3
26 Other pressures on policy 5
4 Other 4
10 Other 1
9 Consumer-related barrier 0
1 Other 1
105 All factors (total) 124

Oliver et al.

Oliver et al. BMC Health Services Research 2014 14:2   doi:10.1186/1472-6963-14-2

Open Data