Table 3

Socio-economic differences in payment and payment coping mechanisms
Variables Q1 N(%) Q2 N(%) Q3 N(%) Q4 N(%) Q5 N(%) p-value Q1:Q5 ratio
Out-of-Pocket but reimbursed 4(31) 3(22) 1(8) 4(31) 1(8) 0.58 4
Out-of-Pocket without reimbursement 236(23) 195(19) 202(20) 200(20) 186(18) 0.50 1.27
Health Insurance 1(25) 1(25) 0 0 2(50) 0.41 0.5
Instalment 28(28) 17(16) 19(18) 24(23) 16(15) 0.69 1.75
In-kind 2(33) 1(17) 1(17) 2(33) 0 0.75 0
Others 10(31) 9(29) 7(22) 3(9) 3(9) 0.25 3.33
Payment coping mechanisms by SES (%)
Own money 245(23) 202(19) 207(20) 206(20) 190(18) 0.70 1.29
Borrowed money 14(46) 5(17) 5(17) 5(17) 1(3) 0.03 14
Sold moveable assets 0 0 0 1(100) 0 0.40 0
Sold family land 0 0 0 0 0 N/A 0
Payment subsidized 12(43) 6(21) 3(11) 2(7) 5(18) 0.09 2.4
Payment deferred 3(33) 0 0 3(33) 3(33) 0.20 1
Community solidarity/someone else paid 4(21) 4(21) 4(21) 7(37) 0 0.17 0
Exempted 3(36) 13) 1(13) 1(13) 2(25) 0.83 1.5
Others 1(7) 4(29) 3(21) 1(7) 5(36) 0.20 0.2

Ewelukwa et al.

Ewelukwa et al. BMC Health Services Research 2013 13:87   doi:10.1186/1472-6963-13-87

Open Data