Table 1

Factors influencing ANC/PNC use and post-partum modern FP use among women who had a childbirth within the last five years, Kenya, 2008–09
Characteristic Distribution % or mean (95% C.I.) ANC/PNC service intensity Post-partum modern FP use
Coef. (95% C.I.) Hazard ratio (95% C.I.)1
(1) (2) (3)
Median duration from childbirth to modern contraceptive adoption (months) 5
Timing of first ANC visits
None 7.67
1st trimester 15.11
2nd trimester 61.36
3rd trimester 15.86
Had more than 4 ANC visits
No 52.96
Yes 47.04
Use of PNC services
No 51.19
Yes 48.81
ANC and PNC service intensity score −.02 (−1.22; 1.13) 1.09 (1.01; 1.18)*
Urban 20.98 .17 (.06; .27)*** .96 (.82; 1.14)
Region
Nairobi 8.64 1.00
Central 9.79 −.08 (−.23; .08) 1.37 (1.10; 1.71)**
Coast 14.70 .20 (.05; .36)* 1.03 (.83; 1.29)
Eastern 13.01 −.13 (−.28; .02) 1.12 (.91; 1.46)
Nyanza 17.32 −.22 (−.36; -.07)** .81 (.65; 1.01)
Rift Valley 16.85 −.17 (−.31; -.03)* .86 (.69; 1.07)
Western 12.30 −.19 (−.34; -.04)* 1.16 (.93; 1.45)
Northeastern 7.39 −.41 (−.65; -.16) .27 (.14; .54)***
Age group
15 – 19 6.35 1.00
20 – 24 26.78 .06 (−.06; .18) 1.15 (.89; 1.47)
25 – 29 26.83 .10 (−.03; .23) 1.05 (.81; 1.36)
30 – 34 20.28 .04 (−.10; .17) .88 (.67; 1.15)
35 – 39 11.54 −.09 (−.23; .06) .76 (.59; 1.01)
40 – 49 8.21 −.19 (−.35; -.04)* .59 (.43; .82)**
Highest education level
No education 10.64 1.00
Primary school 62.08 .45 (.34; .56)*** 1.95 (1.49; 2.56)***
Secondary school or higher 27.33 .57 (.44; .70)*** 2.12 (1.58; 2.84)***
Wealth quintile
Poorest 20.51 1.00
Poor 19.06 .10 (.01; .19)* 1.44 (1.19; 1.75)***
Middle 18.69 .13 (.04; .22)** 1.41 (1.17; 1.71)***
Rich 19.73 .12 (.02; .21)* 1.52 (1.25; 1.85)***
Richest 22.02 .11 (−.01; .23) 1.52 (1.20; 1.92)**
Religion
Catholic 20.56 1.00
Protestant/Other Christians 68.54 −.01 (−.08; .06) 1.00 (.88; 1.13)
Muslim/Others 10.90 −.23 (−.35; .-10)*** .83 (.67; 1.03)
Marital status
Not married 18.79 1.00
Married, monogamous 68.18 .19 (.11; .26)*** 2.12 (1.84; 2.45)***
Married, polygamous 13.04 .15 (.04; .26)** 1.55 (1.26; 1.92)**
Work in the last 12 months
No 39.14 1.00
Yes 60.86 −.03 (−.09; .03) 1.18 (1.06; 1.31)**
Age at first birth 19.18 (14; 37) .02 (.01; .02)**
Use of modern contraceptives prior to last childbirth
No 53.64 1.00
Yes 46.36 .15 (.09; .21)*** 1.53 (1.37; 1.70)***
Desire for more children
No 50.30 1.00
Yes 49.70 .90 (.80; .99)*
Knowledge of modern contraceptives (range: 0–10) 6.72 (0; 10) 1.06 (1.03; 1.08)***
Visited and talked about FP by a field worker in the last 12 months
No 91.92 1.00
Yes 8.08 .88 (.74; 1.06)
Visited and talked about FP at a health facility in the last 12 months
No 70.03 1.00
Yes 20.97 1.19 (1.06; 1.35)**
Heard FP messages on the radio in the last few months
No 28.45 1.00
Yes 71.55 1.15 (1.01; 1.33)*
Saw FP messages on TV in the last few months
No 60.96 1.00
Yes 35.04 1.02 (.89; 1.18)
Read FP messages in newspapers in the last few months
No 69.44 1.00
Yes 30.56 .91 (.79; 1.05)
N 3,667

Do and Hotchkiss

Do and Hotchkiss BMC Health Services Research 2013 13:6   doi:10.1186/1472-6963-13-6

Open Data