|Demographic measures included in the seven funding formulae|
|England ||5 year age bands||Standardised no qualifications||Supply Index:(c)|
|0-85+ years||Young people not staying in education||Disability living allowance claimants over 60|
|Pension credit claimants||Mean Waiting Time|
|Low birth weight at births||Access to admitted care providers|
|Income Deprivation affecting children||Distance to outpatient providers|
|Disability living allowance claimants||Distance to admitted patient providers|
|Incapacity Benefit/Severe Disability Allowance Claimants||Number of GPs|
|Accessibility for acute provider capacity|
|Accessibility score for outpatient capacity|
|Scotland ||5 year age bands||Male||Dependant on Care Programme:||Maternity: Urban–rural classification (10 categories)|
|0-90 + years||Female|
|Mental Health:% of people in one person households|
|% in social rented housing|
|Maternity: Mean house price|
|New South Wales ||5 year age bands||Male||Index of Occupation & Education||% Aboriginal & Torres Strait Islanders||Accessibility/Remoteness index of Australia|
|0-85 + years||Female|
|Netherlands [32,33]||20 age categories||Male||Source of Income (Benefits, self employed, employed with insurance, no source of income)||Urbanisation|
|0, 1-4, 5-9, 10-14…90+||Female|
|Average Income||Proximity of care facilities (per 1000 inhabitants within 25 km radius)|
|Proportion of non-western immigrants|
|New Zealand ||5 year age bands||Male||Deprivation quintiles based on Index of Deprivation (NZDep2006)||Maori, Pacific, Other|
|0-85 + years||Female|
|Ontario ||4 age categories for person profile||Male||Quintile of Neighbourhood Income per Person Equivalent||Rurality (Non Rural, Rural, Very Rural)|
|Female||(Dichotomised into Low SES (Quintile 1) and Higher SES (Quintiles 2-5))||Small Hospital (Yes/No)|
|1-17, 18-59, 60-79, 80+|
|2 age categories for ranking clinical group|
|Stockholm [36,37]||5 & 10 year age bands||Marital Status (Married or cohabitating with children, lone)|
|0-80+ years||House tenure (small houses, other)|
|Educational Level (At least upper secondary, lower education, missing data)|
|Employment Status (early retirement, other)|
(c)England’s Supply Index is set at national average rates in the final funding models, neutralising its effect on allocation.
Data sourced from:
 (Department of Health. 2011).
(NHSScotland Resource Allocation Committee. 2007).
 (New South Wales Health. 2005).
 (Ministry of Health Welfare and Sport 2008).
 (Ministry of Health Welfare and Sport 2012).
 (Ministry of Health. 2004).
 (Health System Information Management and Investment Division. 2011).
 (Andersson et al. 2000).
 (Andersson et al. 2010).
Penno et al.
Penno et al. BMC Health Services Research 2013 13:470 doi:10.1186/1472-6963-13-470