Table 3

Socioeconomic gradients in risk ratios for amenable mortality by income and cause of death, women aged 25-74
Period I: 1992 - 95 Period II: 1996 - 99 Period III: 2000 - 03 Period interactions
Income RR 95% CI RR 95% CI RR 95% CI P value
All cause mortality
5 1.00 1.00 1.00 PI vs PII <.001
4 1.27 (1.09 - 1.47 ) 1.28 (1.10 - 1.48 ) 1.29 (1.12 - 1.49 ) PII vs PIII 0.12
3 1.52 (1.34 - 1.73 ) 1.55 (1.36 - 1.76 ) 1.54 (1.34 - 1.77 ) PI vs PIII <.001
2 1.82 (1.60 - 2.06 ) 1.98 (1.74 - 2.25 ) 2.00 (1.70 - 2.35 )
1 2.53 (2.24 - 2.86 ) 2.98 (2.63 - 3.38 ) 3.26 (2.68 - 3.96 )
Total disease mortality
5 1.00 1.00 1.00 PI vs PII <.001
4 1.29 (1.11 - 1.50 ) 1.29 (1.11 - 1.49 ) 1.30 (1.14 - 1.48 ) PII vs PIII 0.24
3 1.53 (1.34 - 1.74 ) 1.55 (1.37 - 1.75 ) 1.53 (1.34 - 1.75 ) PI vs PIII <.001
2 1.80 (1.58 - 2.05 ) 1.93 (1.71 - 2.18 ) 1.95 (1.67 - 2.27 )
1 2.47 (2.18 - 2.81 ) 2.91 (2.58 - 3.28 ) 3.12 (2.58 - 3.76 )
Total amenable mortality
5 1.00 1.00 1.00 PI vs PII <.001
4 1.19 (1.04 - 1.38 ) 1.19 (1.04 - 1.38 ) 1.24 (1.12 - 1.38 ) PII vs PIII 0.05
3 1.37 (1.22 - 1.55 ) 1.43 (1.25 - 1.64 ) 1.47 (1.31 - 1.65 ) PI vs PIII <.001
2 1.52 (1.34 - 1.72 ) 1.62 (1.42 - 1.85 ) 1.77 (1.56 - 2.01 )
1 2.22 (1.97 - 2.51 ) 2.57 (2.26 - 2.92 ) 2.93 (2.53 - 3.40 )
Early detection and intervention
5 1.00 1.00 1.00 PI vs PII 0.04
4 1.17 (1.04 - 1.32 ) 1.19 (1.06- 1.35 ) 1.20 (1.08 - 1.34 ) PII vs PIII 0.17
3 1.33 (1.20 - 1.46 ) 1.39 (1.23 - 1.57 ) 1.38 (1.23 - 1.55 ) PI vs PIII <.001
2 1.40 (1.27- 1.54) 1.49 (1.32 - 1.67 ) 1.58 (1.41 - 1.76 )
1 1.80 (1.63 - 1.99 ) 1.99 (1.73- 2.29 ) 2.19 (1.93 - 2.48 )
- malignant neoplasm
5 1.00 * 1.00 1.00 PI vs PII 0.01
4 1.11 (0.96 - 1.29 ) 1.19 (1.01 - 1.40 ) 1.13 (0.96 - 1.32 ) PII vs PIII <.001
3 1.23 (1.08 - 1.39 ) 1.40 (1.98 - 1.65 ) 1.31 (1.09 - 1.56 ) PI vs PIII <.001
2 1.10 (0.96 - 1.26 ) 1.28 (1.08 - 1.52 ) 1.37 (1.14 - 1.63 )
1 1.06 (0.91 - 1.24 ) 1.29 (1.10 - 1.52 ) 1.57 (1.31 - 1.87 )
- hypertension and cerebrovascular disease
5 1.00 1.00 1.00 PI vs PII 0.11
4 1.29 (1.07 - 1.57 ) 1.23 (1.01 - 1.51 ) 1.49 (1.32 - 1.66 ) PII vs PIII 0.21
3 1.55 (1.31 - 1.82 ) 1.46 (1.26 - 1.71 ) 1.74 (1.57 - 1.94 ) PI vs PIII 0.01
2 1.87 (1.62 - 2.15 ) 1.92 (1.69 - 2.18 ) 2.26 (2.01 - 2.53 )
1 2.83 (2.46 - 3.26 ) 3.16 (2.72 - 3.66 ) 3.75 (3.15 - 4.45 )
Improved treatment and medical care
5 1.00 1.00 1.00 PI vs PII <.001
4 1.35 (0.91 - 2.01 ) 1.14 (0.73 - 1.77 ) 1.71 (1.11 - 2.64 ) PII vs PIII <.001
3 1.71 (1.17 - 2.49 ) 1.73 (1.15 - 2.61 ) 2.46 (1.82 - 3.31 ) PI vs PIII <.001
2 2.41 (1.66 - 3.51 ) 2.60 (1.76 - 3.83 ) 4.02 (2.90 - 5.56 )
1 5.44 (3.79 - 7.81 ) 6.70 (4.55 - 9.88 ) 11.41 (8.15 - 16.0 )
- predominantly primary care
5 1.00 1.00 1.00 PI vs PII 0.41
4 1.20 (0.69 - 2.07 ) 1.52 (0.91 - 2.55 ) 2.14 (1.08 - 4.23 ) PII vs PIII <.001
3 1.56 (0.89 - 2.73 ) 1.99 (1.17 - 3.38 ) 3.43 (1.79 - 6.57 ) PI vs PIII <.001
2 2.85 (1.60 - 5.07 ) 3.55 (2.18 - 5.80 ) 8.42 (4.33 - 16.4 )
1 4.55 (2.79 - 7.42 ) 6.01 (3.88 - 9.33 ) 20.54 (11.4 - 36.8 )
- predominantly specialist care
5 1.00 1.00 1.00 PI vs PII 0.01
4 1.40 (0.90 - 2.18 ) 1.06 (0.65 - 1.73 ) 1.66 (1.05 - 2.62 ) PII vs PIII 0.06
3 1.74 (1.14 - 2.66 ) 1.70 (1.07 - 2.71 ) 2.32 (1.70 - 3.17 ) PI vs PIII <.001
2 2.37 (1.55 - 3.62 ) 2.51 (1.64 - 3.81 ) 3.58 (2.56 - 5.02 )
1 5.62 (3.72 - 8.49 ) 6.90 (4.50 – 10.6 ) 10.36 (7.14 - 15.0 )
Ischaemic heart disease
5 1.00 1.00 1.00 PI vs PII <.001
4 1.40 (1.24-1.58) 1.49 (1.30-1.70) 1.57 (1.39-1.78) PII vs PIII <.001
3 1.71 (1.54-1.90) 1.91 (1.67-2.18) 2.01 (1.77-2.29) PI vs PIII <.001
2 2.15 (1.92-2.40) 2.51 (2.18-2.90) 2.81 (2.43-3.25)
1 2.51 (2.27-2.80) 2.97 (2.61-3.39) 4.01 (3.51-4.59)

* linear income trend not significant at 95% significance level.

Socioeconomic differences in amenable mortality by income and cause of death. women aged 25-74.

McCallum et al.

McCallum et al. BMC Health Services Research 2013 13:3   doi:10.1186/1472-6963-13-3

Open Data