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The association of smoking status with healthcare utilisation, productivity loss and resulting costs: results from the population-based KORA F4 study

Margarethe Wacker1*, Rolf Holle1, Joachim Heinrich2, Karl-Heinz Ladwig3, Annette Peters3, Reiner Leidl14 and Petra Menn1

Author Affiliations

1 Helmholtz Zentrum München - German Research Center for Environmental Health (GmbH), Institute of Health Economics and Health Care Management, Member of the German Center for Lung Research, Comprehensive Pneumology Center Munich (CPC-M), Ingolstaedter Landstr. 1, Neuherberg 85764, Germany

2 Helmholtz Zentrum München - German Research Center for Environmental Health (GmbH), Institute of Epidemiology I, Member of the German Center for Lung Research, Comprehensive Pneumology Center Munich (CPC-M), Ingolstaedter Landstr. 1, Neuherberg 85764, Germany

3 Helmholtz Zentrum München - German Research Center for Environmental Health (GmbH), Institute of Epidemiology II, Member of the German Center for Cardiovascular Research, Ingolstaedter Landstr. 1, Neuherberg 85764, Germany

4 Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Institute of Health Economics and Health Care Management, Ludwigstr. 28 RG, Munich 80539, Germany

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BMC Health Services Research 2013, 13:278  doi:10.1186/1472-6963-13-278

Published: 17 July 2013

Additional files

Additional file 1: Table S1:

Utilisation of healthcare services and unit costs. Table S2. Unadjusted mean annual direct medical and indirect costs by smoking status. Table S3. Detailed results of regression analyses.

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