Table 5

Determinants of patient, health system and total delays among new pulmonary tuberculosis patients in rural Ebonyi State, 2011 (n = 450)
Variables β SE F-test P-value aR2
Patient delay
Constant 5.39 1.72 9.69 0.002 0.22
Older age 0.13 0.03 25.00 <0.001**
Male gender 1.01 0.65 2.38 0.12
Longer walking distance to the nearest public facility 0.014 0.003 18.50 <0.001**
First visited a non-NTP provider 0.13 0.78 0.026 0.90
HIV positive status −1.77 0.69 6.50 0.011**
Urban residence 3.65 0.84 19.00 <0.001**
Had a chest x-ray done 1.35 0.69 3.90 0.049**
Formally educated −1.48 0.66 4.81 0.036**
Smear-positive smear −0.39 0.79 0.24 0.62
Health system delay
Constant 2.62 0.51 26.59 <0.001 0.08
Older age 0.008 0.007 1.09 0.30
Male gender 0.52 0.18 8.18 0.004**
Longer walking distance to a public facility −0,001 0,001 2.75 0.10
First visited a non- NTP provider 0.49 0.22 5.08 0.025**
HIV positive status 0.36 0.19 3.65 0.06
Urban residence 0.2 0.23 0.73 0.39
Had a chest x-ray done 0.36 0.19 3.8 0.053
Formally educated 0.29 0.18 2.66 0.10
Sputum smear-positive −0.39 0.21 3.09 0.08
Total delay
Constant 3.06 2.42 1.60 0.21 0.24
Older age 0.33 0.04 82.94 <0.001**
Male gender 2.35 0.87 7.32 0.007**
Longer walking distance to a public facility 0.009 0.004 4.70 0.031**
First visited a non-NTP provider 0.50 1.04 0.23 0.63
HIV positive status −1.60 0.90 3.20 0.08
Urban residence 4.26 1.11 14.64 <0.001**
Had a chest x-ray done −0.58 0.90 0.41 0.52
Formally educated −0.97 0.87 1.22 0.27
Sputum smear-positive −1.9 1.04 3.19 0.08

(β) = coefficient, aR2 = adjusted correlation coefficient, **P < 0.05, SE = Standard error.

Ukwaja et al.

Ukwaja et al. BMC Health Services Research 2013 13:25   doi:10.1186/1472-6963-13-25

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