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Open Access Research article

Effectiveness of nurse case management compared with usual care in cancer patients at a single medical center in Taiwan: a quasi-experimental study

Yu-Chih Chen12*, Yu-Jen Chang13, Yi-Chen Tsou14, Mei-Chuan Chen15 and Yu-Chu Pai16*

Author Affiliations

1 Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan

2 Department of Health Administration, School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Taipei, Taiwan

3 Institute of Community Health Nursing, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan

4 Graduate Institute of Long-Term Care, National Taipei University of Nursing and Health Sciences, Taipei, Taiwan

5 Department of Nursing, Fu Jen Catholic University, Taipei, Taiwan

6 School of Nursing, National Defence Medical Center, Taipei, Taiwan

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BMC Health Services Research 2013, 13:202  doi:10.1186/1472-6963-13-202

Published: 31 May 2013

Abstract

Background

In order to improve treatment and care quality for cancer patients, nurse case management model has applied generally in the clinical practice. However there were only few evidence-based studies on the relative benefits in Taiwan. Further analysis and feedback application are needed. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of care quality in cancer patients with nurse case management.

Methods

This study was conducted with a quasi-experimental design in a national medical center in Northern Taiwan. Patients diagnosed as lung, liver, breast, colon, buccal or cervical cancers were eligible for inclusion. A total number of 600 subjects randomly selected from the cancer case management system enrolled in the case managed group, and 600 patients who received usual care were randomly selected from cancer registry and enrolled in the control group. The study instrument was developed to measure care effectiveness, including the rates of patient continuing treatment, non-adherence to treatment, prolonged hospitalization, unplanned readmission, and planned admission for active treatment. The content validity of expert was assessed as 0.9.

Results

The nurse case management significantly decreased the unplanned readmission rate caused by infection (1.5% vs. 4.7% in the control group, p = 0.002). The rate of patient continuing treatment in the institution significantly increased in the case managed group (93.8% vs. 84.8% in the control group, p < 0.001). The planned admission rates in 14 days and in 15–30 days for active treatment also significantly increased in the case managed group (18.4.% vs. 3.9% in the control group and 34.5% vs. 10.4% in the control group, respectively, p < 0.001). The results indicated that nurse case management provided better control in timeliness and continuity of patient treatment.

Conclusions

This study demonstrated that cancer case management could improve the effectiveness of cancer care services and concretely illustrated a comprehensive model for oncology patients in Taiwan. In addition, the model could be optimized for further application and improvement of cancer care. Future investigations are needed to develop precise and rigorous evaluation to optimize the utilization of cancer case management.