Table 3

Total scores and percent positive scores in each sub-dimension
Total Score Percent Positive Score††
M SD 95% CI M SD 95% CI
Frequency of events reported Japan 11.92 2.97 (11.85–11.99) 0.68 0.41 (0.67–0.69)
Taiwan 9.33 2.50 (9.28–9.38) 0.33 0.39 (0.32–0.33)
U.S. 11.14 2.86 (11.13–11.15) 0.61 0.42 (0.61–0.61)
Overall perceptions of patient safety Japan 13.83 2.51 (13.77–13.89) 0.53 0.35 (0.52–0.54)
Taiwan 13.45 1.93 (13.41–13.49) 0.52 0.28 (0.51–0.52)
U.S. 14.34 3.14 (14.33–14.36) 0.63 0.34 (0.63–0.63)
Supervisor/manager expectations and actions promoting safety Japan 14.68 2.56 (14.62–14.74) 0.62 0.31 (0.62–0.63)
Taiwan 14.57 2.21 (14.52–14.61) 0.65 0.33 (0.64–0.65)
U.S. 15.43 3.19 (15.42–15.44) 0.74 0.33 (0.74–0.74)
Organizational learning/continuous improvement Japan 10.44 1.85 (10.39–10.48) 0.55 0.35 (0.54–0.56)
Taiwan 11.68 1.44 (11.66–11.71) 0.81 0.30 (0.80–0.81)
U.S. 11.32 2.03 (11.31–11.33) 0.72 0.34 (0.72–0.72)
Teamwork within hospital units Japan 14.91 2.65 (14.85–14.97) 0.70 0.34 (0.70–0.71)
Taiwan 15.50 2.27 (15.46–15.55) 0.79 0.30 (0.79–0.80)
U.S. 15.68 3.12 (15.67–15.69) 0.79 0.30 (0.79–0.79)
Communication openness Japan 10.38 2.23 (10.33–10.44) 0.49 0.37 (0.48–0.50)
Taiwan 9.70 1.90 (9.66–9.74) 0.38 0.35 (0.37–0.39)
U.S. 10.96 2.41 (10.95–10.97) 0.61 0.37 (0.61–0.61)
Feedback and communication about error Japan 10.73 2.34 (10.67–10.78) 0.53 0.39 (0.52–0.54)
Taiwan 10.16 1.86 (10.12–10.20) 0.44 0.33 (0.44–0.45)
U.S. 11.20 2.52 (11.19–11.21) 0.63 0.38 (0.63–0.63)
Nonpunitive response to error Japan 9.63 2.34 (9.58–9.69) 0.43 0.37 (0.42–0.44)
Taiwan 8.78 1.92 (8.74–8.82) 0.29 0.31 (0.29–0.30)
U.S. 9.42 2.75 (9.41–9.43) 0.42 0.39 (0.42–0.42)
Staffing Japan 12.16 2.63 (12.10–12.23) 0.37 0.27 (0.36–0.38)
Taiwan 12.15 2.57 (12.10–12.20) 0.36 0.31 (0.36–0.37)
U.S. 13.55 3.04 (13.54–13.56) 0.54 0.33 (0.54–0.54)
Hospital management support for patient safety Japan 10.24 1.98 (10.20–10.29) 0.52 0.37 (0.51–0.52)
Taiwan 10.57 1.81 (10.53–10.61) 0.58 0.36 (0.58–0.59)
U.S. 11.18 2.48 (11.17–11.18) 0.70 0.37 (0.70–0.70)
Teamwork across hospital units Japan 13.12 2.49 (13.06–13.18) 0.44 0.35 (0.43–0.45)
Taiwan 13.69 2.34 (13.64–13.73) 0.51 0.37 (0.50–0.51)
U.S. 13.66 3.04 (13.65–13.67) 0.55 0.37 (0.55–0.55)
Hospital handoffs and transitions Japan 12.61 2.52 (12.55–12.68) 0.35 0.36 (0.35–0.36)
Taiwan 12.67 2.52 (12.62–12.72) 0.39 0.36 (0.39–0.40)
U.S. 12.67 3.21 (12.66–12.68) 0.41 0.39 (0.41–0.41)

M, mean; SD, standard deviation; CI, confidence interval.

Calculated as the sum of scores for each item within the same sub-dimension.

††Mean percentage of positive responses calculated according to AHRQ instructions for every respondent.

Fujita et al.

Fujita et al. BMC Health Services Research 2013 13:20   doi:10.1186/1472-6963-13-20

Open Data