Table 1

Characteristics of the studies
Source Year Country Design Population Setting N Outcome
Aloisis 2002 Italy Longitudinal HIV + adults Clinic 366 Adherence
Bardford 2005 Denmark Cross sectional HIV + adults Clinic 887 Adherence
Boyer 2011 Cameroon Cross sectional HIV + adults Clinic 2,381 Adherence
Carlucci 2008 Zambia Cross sectional HIV + adults clinic 424 Adherence
Charurat 2010 Nigeria Longitudinal HIV + adults Clinic 4,529 Adherence
Cunningham 1999 USA Longitudinal HIV + adults Clinic 2,864 Initiation ART
de Castilho 2006 Brazil Longitudinal HIV + adults Clinic 498 Adherence
Franke 2011 Peru Longitudinal HIV + adults Clinic 132 Adherence
Gebo 2003 USA Cross sectional HIV + adults Clinic 196 Adherence
Giday 2010 Ethiopia Cross sectional HIV + adults Clinic 510 Adherence
Grierson 2011 Australia Cross sectional HIV + adults Clinic 1,106 Adherence
Holmes 2007 USA Longitudinal HIV + adults Clinic 116 Adherence
Karcher 2007 Kenya Longitudinal HIV + adults Clinic 159 Initiation ART
Koku 2011 Ghana Cross sectional Female 15-49 Community 3,766 HIV testing
Kranzer 2010 South Africa Longitudinal HIV + adults Clinic 1,154 Defaulting
Kranzer_b 2008 Malawi Cross sectional People 18-59 Community 2,047 HIV testing
Li 2010 Thailand Cross sectional HIV + adults Clinic 386 Adherence
MacPhail 2009 South Africa Cross sectional People 15-24 Community 7,655 HIV testing
Martinez 2008 Uganda Cross sectional HIV + adults Clinic 421 Initiation ART
Mugavero 2006 USA Cross sectional HIV + adults Clinic 611 Adherence
Nam 2010 Vietnam Cross sectional HIV + adults Clinic 353 Initiation ART
Okonsy 2011 USA Cross sectional HIV + adults Clinic 558 Adherence
Peltzer 2011 South Africa Cross sectional HIV + adults Clinic 735 Adherence
Pettifor 2010 South Africa Cross sectional People over 15 years old Community 198 HIV testing
Pinheiro 2002 Brazil Cross sectional HIV + adults Clinic 195 Adherence
Remien 2007 Brazil Cross sectional HIV + adults Clinic 200 Adherence
Rintamaki 2006 USA Cross sectional HIV + adults Clinic 204 Adherence
Sambisa 2010 Zimbabwe Cross sectional People over 15 years old Community 12,254 HIV testing
Sarna 2008 India Cross sectional HIV + adults Clinic 310 Adherence
Sayles 2006 USA Longitudinal HIV + adults Clinic 1,910 Adherence
Sayles 2009 USA Cross sectional HIV + adults Clinic 202 Adherence
Van Servellen 2005 USA Cross sectional HIV + adults Clinic 85 Adherence
Wang 2007 China Cross sectional HIV + adults Clinic 181 Adherence
Watt 2009 Tanzania Cross sectional HIV + adults Clinic 340 Adherence

Gari et al.

Gari et al. BMC Health Services Research 2013 13:198   doi:10.1186/1472-6963-13-198

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