|Changes in user fee policy during the 1990s, Zimbabwe|
|Early 1991||Enforcement of user fee collection at all health facilities at the start of ESAP|
|November 1992||User fee exemption level raised from ZWD 150 to ZWD 400|
|January 1993||Temporary abolition of fees at rural health centres because of the drought|
|June 1993||Reinstitution of user fees at rural health centres|
|January 1994||Substantial increase in user fees at all health institutions|
|March 1995||Abolition of user fees at rural health centres and rural hospitals|
|October 1996||Increase in user fees at all referral hospitals: services at rural hospitals and health centres remain free of charge|
|January 1997||Start of the Health Services fund; retention of user fee revenues at the district and facility level: reinstitution of user fees at (some) rural mission hospitals|
|1998||No more health grants for the municipalities; higher than average increase in user fees|
|November 1999||Substantial increase in user fees at government health institutions|
Source: Bijlmakers, 2003.
Chirwa et al.
Chirwa et al. BMC Health Services Research 2013 13:197 doi:10.1186/1472-6963-13-197