Table 6

Determinants of expenditure on medicine and of informal payments in 2011
Expenditure on medicine Payment to the family doctor
Characteristic N Coefficient (95% CI) P-value N Coefficient (95% CI) P-value
Rayon
Dangara 172 1.00 47 1.00
Varzob 83 2.18 (1.67, 2.86) 0.000 59 1.67 (1.40, 1.95) 0.000
Shahrinav 117 1.72 (1.32, 2.20) 0.000 103 1.43 (1.22, 1.67) 0.000
Tursunzade 161 1.43 (1.12, 1.84) 0.005 169 1.15 (1.00, 1.34) 0.052
Reason to consult
diarrhoea 62 1.00 31 1.00
digestive (gastrointestinal) 33 1.25 (0.85, 1.82) 0.257 13 0.93 (0.71, 1.22) 0.606
cardiovascular 34 1.40 (0.96, 2.08) 0.082 16 1.04 (0.78, 1.38) 0.795
respiratory 47 1.14 (0.81, 1.62) 0.442 26 0.91 (0.74, 1.14) 0.435
pregnancy 212 0.76 (0.58, 1.00) 0.050 231 0.96 (0.82, 1.14) 0.648
genitourinary 36 1.30 (0.90, 1.88) 0.168 22 1.12 (0.89, 1.42) 0.334
injuries 15 0.58 (0.35, 0.96) 0.036 6 1.32 (0.90, 1.93) 0.152
anemia 19 1.99 (1.25, 3.16) 0.004 6 1.19 (0.82, 1.72) 0.369
diabetes 26 1.21 (0.79, 1.88) 0.385 5 1.45 (0.97, 2.16) 0.067
osteochondrosis 15 1.11 (0.65, 1.90) 0.699 2 0.98 (0.50, 1.90) 0.944
other 34 1.72 (1.16, 2.51) 0.006 20 0.86 (0.68, 1.09) 0.215
Referral to specialist
not referred 248 1.00 156 1.00
referred 283 1.63 (1.35, 1.95) 0.000 221 1.05 (0.96, 1.15) 0.248
Self-assessed health status
very good 159 1.00 103 1.00
ok 328 1.21 (1.01, 1.46) 0.042 250 0.96 (0.87, 1.06) 0.481
Poor / very poor 46 1.97 (1.39, 2.80) 0.000 25 1.08 (0.90, 1.32) 0.400
Economic position
Lowest 40% 214 1.00 101 1.00
Middle 40% 213 1.13 (0.94, 1.35) 0.201 175 1.09 (0.98, 1.22) 0.094
Highest 20% 106 1.32 (1.04, 1.70) 0.023 102 1.32 (1.17, 1.51) 0.000

Coefficent: the mean of each category is compared to the baseline (1.00).

NB : only statistically significant determinants are presented in this table, and the significant determinants are in bold (P<0.05). CI : Confidence interval at 95% level.

Schwarz et al.

Schwarz et al. BMC Health Services Research 2013 13:103   doi:10.1186/1472-6963-13-103

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