Table 3

Odds of using medical services
Parameter Physician use Therapist use Hospital use Physician, therapist or hospital utilisation
Odds [95% CI] Odds [95% CI] Odds [95% CI] Odds [95% CI]
Intercept 4.77 [3.78–6.02] 0.36 [0.29–0.43] 0.04 [0.03–0.07] 5.90 [4.60–7.56]
Sex
 Reference: Female 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Male 1.03 [0.85–1.23] 1.16 [0.99–1.35] 0.92 [0.69–1.24] 1.08 [0.89–1.31]
Study centre
Ref: Munich 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Leipzig 1.59 [1.09–2.30]* 0.80 [0.62–1.04] 1.48 [0.93–2.34] 1.37 [0.94–2.02]
 Bad Honnef 1.12 [0.72–1.75] 0.67 [0.47–0.96]* 1.11 [0.58–2.12] 1.01 [0.63–1.60]
 Wesel 0.70 [0.56–0.87]** 0.52 [0.42–0.63]*** 0.99 [0.69–1.43] 0.63 [0.50–0.79]***
Parental education
Ref: High (>10 years) 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Low (<10 years) 1.30 [0.82–2.05] 0.69 [0.45–1.06] 1.16 [0.60–2.24] 1.24 [0.77–1.98]
 Medium (=10 years) 1.14 [0.91–1.44] 1.05 [0.86–1.27] 1.08 [0.75–1.55] 1.12 [0.88–1.43]
Relative income position
Ref: > 100% of median income 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 0-60% of median income 0.88 [0.65–1.20] 0.87 [0.66–1.14] 1.19 [0.76–1.88] 0.90 [0.65–1.25]
 60-100% of median income 0.82 [0.65–1.02] 1.07 [0.89–1.29] 0.81 [0.56–1.16] 0.79 [0.62–0.99]*
Single parenthood
Ref: No 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Yes 1.11 [0.80–1.54] 1.53 [1.20–1.96]*** 1.01 [0.63–1.62] 1.11 [0.79–1.57]
Exposure to tobacco smoke
Ref: No exposure 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Not at home, but at other places 1.27 [0.97–1.66] 0.98 [0.78–1.23] 1.25 [0.77–2.01] 1.26 [0.95–1.68]
 At home (patio/balcony) 1.37 [1.07–1.75]* 1.13 [0.91–1.39] 1.52 [0.99–2.33] 1.35 [1.04–1.75]*
 At home (indoors) 1.51 [1.11–2.06]** 1.06 [0.82–1.38] 1.60 [0.96–2.64] 1.48 [1.07–2.04]*

N = 3,518.

Ref: Reference category.

Dependent variable: use of physicians/therapists/hospital/use of physicians, therapists and/or hospitals.

Assumptions: binomial distribution of the error terms, logit-link function.

***/**/*, significant at the 0.1%/1%/5% level.

Batscheider et al.

Batscheider et al. BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:344   doi:10.1186/1472-6963-12-344

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