Table 3

Impacts of the HCFP on household HCE and health care utilization
Change between years
Treated Control Difference in changes between treated and control
2003-2001 mean 95%CI Sig.
HCE as % of total expenditure (%) −2.8% −1.7% −1.2% −3.3% 0.7% no
Number of CHS utilizations (#) 0.017 −0.045 0.062 0.000 0.152 no
Number of DHC utilizations (#) −0.015 −0.013 −0.002 −0.044 0.065 no
Number of provincial/central hospital utilizations (#) 0.004 0.000 0.004 −0.036 0.045 no
Number of private health care utilizations (#) −0.058 −0.011 −0.047 −0.278 0.118 no
Number of self-treatment (#) −0.357 −0.286 −0.071 −0.325 0.124 no
Number of go-to-pharmacy (#) −0.365 −0.297 −0.068 −0.302 0.241 no
Number of other types of health care (#) 0.006 −0.006 0.013 0.000 0.026 no
Total number of utilizations (#) −0.767 −0.658 −0.109 −0.703 0.414 no
2005-2001
HCE as % of total expenditure (%) −2.4% −1.5% −1.0% −4.5% 1.1% no
Number of CHS utilizations (#) 0.118 −0.079 0.197 0.144 0.272 yes
Number of DHC utilizations (#) 0.032 0.013 0.019 −0.023 0.070 no
Number of provincial/central hospital utilizations (#) −0.006 −0.015 0.009 −0.022 0.056 no
Number of private health care utilizations (#) −0.410 −0.521 0.111 −0.014 0.243 no
Number of self-treatment (#) −0.487 −0.519 0.032 −0.171 0.182 no
Number of go-to-pharmacy (#) −0.053 −0.393 0.340 0.108 0.753 yes
Number of other types of health care (#) 0.004 −0.009 0.013 0.002 0.024 yes
Total number of utilizations (#) −0.803 −1.524 0.720 −0.121 1.197 no
2007-2001
HCE as % of total expenditure (%) −2.0% −2.4% 0.3% −1.6% 3.6% no
Number of CHS utilizations (#) 0.096 −0.058 0.154 0.073 0.229 yes
Number of DHC utilizations (#) 0.043 0.047 −0.004 −0.056 0.045 no
Number of provincial/central hospital utilizations (#) 0.000 0.004 −0.004 −0.032 0.031 no
Number of private health care utilizations (#) −0.382 −0.502 0.120 −0.094 0.348 no
Number of self-treatment (#) −0.457 −0.402 −0.056 −0.338 0.100 no
Number of go-to-pharmacy (#) 0.028 −0.248 0.276 0.034 0.641 yes
Number of other types of health care (#) 0.004 −0.006 0.011 −0.005 0.018 no
Total number of utilizations (#) −0.669 −1.165 0.496 −0.064 1.051 no

HCFP = Health care funds for the poor; HCE = Health care expenditure; CHS = Communal health station; DHC = District health center.

Thanh and Lindholm

Thanh and Lindholm BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:333   doi:10.1186/1472-6963-12-333

Open Data