Table 2

Proportion of participants with risk factors according to sex and region
Colac East Gippsland Geelong Shepparton All
n = 548 (26%) n = 552 (26%) n = 520 (24%) n = 505 (24%)
Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women
n = 265 n = 283 n = 218 n = 334 n = 191 n = 329 n = 233 n = 272
Socio-demographic risk factors:
Aged over 55 years 123 (46%) 149 (53%) 146 (67%) 207 (62%) 144 (75%) 241 (73%) 144 (62%) 178 (65%) 1,332 (63%)
Male gender (% of total cohort) 265 (48%) 218 (40%) 191 (37%) 233 (46%) 907 (43%)
Risk factor profile:
Current smoking 38 (14%) 27 (10%) 25 (12%) 39 (12%) 11 (6%) 23 (7%) 30 (13%) 34 (13%) 227 (11%)
Hypertension 179 (68%) 158 (56%) 155 (71%) 178 (53%) 113 (59%) 149 (45%) 161 (69%) 157 (58%) 1,250 (59%)
Obese (BMI) 59 (22%) 71 (25%) 49 (23%) 90 (27%) 37 (19%) 84 (26%) 109 (47%) 96 (35%) 595 (28%)
Abdominal obesity 92 (35%) 118 (42%) 69 (32%) 173 (52%) 68 (36%) 170 (52%) 125 (54%) 137 (51%) 952 (45%)
Elevated total cholesterol 199 (76%) 192 (69%) 147 (71%) 210 (65%) 111 (58%) 194 (59%) 148 (64%) 157 (58%) 1,358 (65%)
Elevated LDL cholesterol 194 (85%) 190 (72%) 143 (75%) 191 (65%) 119 (67%) 189 (61%) 129 (63%) 147 (57%) 1,302 (67%)
Reduced HDL cholesterol 86 (34%) 33 (12%) 60 (29%) 36 (11%) 80 (43%) 39 (12%) 75 (33%) 27 (10%) 436 (21%)
Metabolic syndrome 113 (43%) 97 (34%) 93 (43%) 133 (40%) 85 (45%) 130 (40%) 135 (58%) 114 (42%) 900 (42%)
Increased alcohol consumption 66 (30%) 56 (17%) 46 (24%) 29 (9%) 91 (39%) 41 (15%) 329 (21%)
Physical inactivity 66 (27%) 91 (35%) 34 (17%) 99 (33%) 45 (25%) 82 (26%) 60 (29%) 83 (34%) 560 (29%)
Absolute CVD risk (primary & secondary):
Low risk 65 (44%) 136 (84%) 68 (46%) 195 (85%) 62 (48%) 209 (89%) 74 (49%) 158 (86%) 967 (70%)
Moderate risk 49 (33%) 19 (12%) 48 (33%) 28 (12%) 46 (36%) 24 (10%) 47 (31%) 22 (12%) 283 (20%)
High risk 34 (23%) 7 (4%) 31 (21%) 6 (3%) 21 (16%) 1 (1%) 31 (20%) 4 (2%) 135 (10%)
≥ 2 modifiable risk factors 202 (76%) 194 (69%) 164 (75%) 233 (70%) 132 (69%) 201 (61%) 188 (81%) 194 (71%) 1,508 (71%)
Family history of CVD 55 (21%) 68 (24%) 49 (23%) 103 (31%) 75 (39%) 125 (38%) 87 (37%) 111 (41%) 673 (32%)
Pre-existing CVD 49 (19%) 47 (17%) 52 (24%) 46 (14%) 31 (16%) 41 (13%) 46 (20%) 48 (18%) 360 (17%)
Type 2 diabetes/hyperglycaemia 18 (7%) 13 (5%) 13 (6%) 20 (6%) 11 (6%) 11 (3%) 18 (8%) 20 (7%) 124 (6%)
Potential depression 42 (16%) 56 (21%) 30 (14%) 83 (26%) 45 (24%) 108 (34%) 73 (33%) 77 (30%) 514 (25%)

LDL cholesterol calculated for 1,930 participants, physical inactivity available for 1,949 and absolute CVD risk estimated for 1,385 cases.

Carrington et al.

Carrington et al. BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:296   doi:10.1186/1472-6963-12-296

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