Table 1

Socio-demographic and risk profile of participants
All n = 2125 Men n = 907 (43%) Women n = 1218 (57%) OR [95% CI] pvalue
Socio-demographic profile
Age (years) 57.6 ± 14.6 57.2 ± 15.2 58.0 ± 14.2 .209
Male gender 907 (43%) 907 (100%)
Caucasian ethnicity 2030 (96%) 863 (95%) 1167 (96%) 0.88 [0.58-1.32] .523
Married / living with partner 1566 (74%) 727 (81%) 839 (69%) 1.92 [1.56-2.36] <.001
Secondary school highest education 1203 (59%) 452 (38%) 751 (62%) 0.59 [0.49-0.70] <.001
Current occupation:
Professionals/Semi-professionals 251 (25%) 123 (26%) 128 (25%) <.001
Technical/Tradespeople 191 (19%) 137 (29%) 54 (10%)
Unskilled workers 559 (56%) 220 (46%) 339 (65%)
Risk factor profile
Current smoking 227 (11%) 104 (12%) 123 (10%) 1.15 [0.87-1.52] .313
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 137 ± 21 141 ± 19 134 ± 22 <.001
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 75 ± 11 79 ± 10 73 ± 10 <.001
Body mass index (kg/m2) 27.7 ± 5.1 28.0 ± 4.5 27.5 ± 5.5 .035
Total cholesterol (mmol/L) 5.21 ± 1.13 5.14 ± 1.17 5.26 ± 1.10 .013
LDL-C (mmol/L) 2.98 ± 1.02 3.02 ± 1.04 2.96 ± 1.00 .175
HDL-C (mmol/L) 1.34 ± 0.43 1.16 ± 0.38 1.47 ± 0.42 <.001
TC/HDL ratio (mmol/L) 4.22 ± 1.70 4.77 ± 1.89 3.81 ± 1.42 <.001
Glucose (mmol/L) 5.80 ± 1.53 6.02 ± 1.72 5.64 ± 1.36 <.001
Alcohol consumption (drinks per week) 4.3 ± 7.8 6.51 ± 10.28 2.85 ± 5.02 <.001
Physical activity (MET-minutes per week) 998 [446–2083] 1118 [518–2611] 924 [396–1817] <.001
Absolute COD risk (%)
Primary 8 ± 6 12 ± 7 6 ± 4 <.001
Secondary 6 ± 4 9 ± 2 3 ± 2 <.001
≥ 2 modifiable risk factors 1508 (71%) 686 (76%) 822 (68%) 1.50 [1.23-1.81] <.001
Family history of CVD 673 (32%) 266 (29%) 407 (33%) 0.83 [0.69-1.00] .045
Pre-existing CVD 360 (17%) 178 (20%) 182 (15%) 1.39 [1.11-1.75] .004
Type 2 diabetes/hyperglycaemia 124 (6%) 60 (7%) 64 (5%) 1.28 [0.89-1.85] .178
Potential depression 514 (25%) 190 (22%) 324 (28%) 0.72 [0.59-0.89] .002
Major ECG abnormality 209 (11%) 129 (15%) 80 (7%) 2.35 [1.75-3.16] <.001

LDL-C: low density lipoprotein; HDL-C: high density lipoprotein; MET: metabolic equivalent of task; CVD: cardiovascular disease; mmHg: millimeters of mercury; mmol/L: millimols per liter.

Carrington et al.

Carrington et al. BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:296   doi:10.1186/1472-6963-12-296

Open Data