Table 2

Descriptive statistics of the scales and items included in the CFA

Dimension

Item

Mean

per item

Standard

deviation

per item

Overall

mean

per scale

Overall

standard

deviation

per scale


Safety Culture Dimensions


Hospital management support for patient safety

F1

3.69

.766

3.73

0.81

F8

3.61

.985

F9

3.90

.968


Supervisor/manager expectations/actions

B1

3.48

.706

3.68

0.52

B2

3.91

.616

B3

3.44

.824

B4

3.91

.721


Teamwork across hospital units

F2

3.57

.832

3.80

0.59

F4

3.84

.689

F6

3.89

.782

F10

3.88

.710


Teamwork within units

A1

3.80

.663

3.56

0.56

A3

3.57

.770

A4

3.58

.690

A11

3.30

.799


Communication openness

C2

3.82

.672

3.68

0.55

C4

3.26

.720

C6

3.95

.775


Hospital handoffs and transitions

F3

3.49

.813

3.56

0.68

F5

3.44

.878

F7

3.66

.761

F11

3.64

.875


Nonpunitive response to error

A8

3.71

.809

3.87

0.69

A12

3.96

.869

A16

3.93

.902


Feedback and communication about error

C1

3.80

.820

3.80

0.66

C3

3.81

.802

C5

3.78

.739


Staffing

A2

2.70

.901

3.19

0.71

A5

3.19

1.058

A7

3.96

.891

A14

2.90

.930


Organizational learning

A6

3.83

.587

3.64

0.53

A9

3.61

.749

A13

3.49

.773


Outcome Dimensions


Overall perceptions of safety

A10

3.93

.897

3.62

0.63

A15

3.22

.969

A17

3.87

.782

A18

3.44

.737


Frequency of event reporting

D1

3.38

.934

3.33

0.78

D2

3.07

.896

D3

3.54

.825


Hammer et al. BMC Health Services Research 2011 11:165   doi:10.1186/1472-6963-11-165

Open Data