Table 1

Characteristics of patients hospitalized in for-profit, not-for-profit, and government owned hospitals for AMI, CABG and Childbirth

AMI (N = 188117)

CABG (N = 82261)

Childbirth (N = 1091220)


NFP

N = 146309

FP

N = 23134

Government

N = 18674

NFP

N = 66513

FP

N = 8947

Government

N = 6801

NFP

N = 864954

FP

N = 95406

Government

N = 130860


Age


Years,

mean (sd)

69.1

(14.7)

70.0

(14.6)

67.4

(15.0)

67.1

(10.8)

67.7

(10.7)

65.9

(11.0)

28.3

(6.2)

26.8

(6.1)

27.4

(6.2)



Gender


Female,

number (%)

61919

(42.3)

9544*

(41.3)

7641

(40.9)

19098*

(28.7)

2553*

(28.5)

1877*

(27.6)

NA

NA

NA



Race


White,

number (%)

103169

(70.5)

16709

(71.9)

10482

(56.1)

47141

(70.9)

7158

(80.0)

4936

(72.6)

426164

(49.3)

44059

(45.7)

37247

(28.4)


Black,

number (%)

10460

(7.2)

1805

(7.8)

2296

(12.3)

2901

(4.4)

309

(3.5)

548

(8.1)

105164

(12.1)

15469

(16.0)

23303

(17.8)


Hispanic,

number (%)

7326

(5.0)

3104

(13.4)

850

(4.6)

2948

(4.4)

781

(8.7)

342

(5.0)

127197

(14.7)

26006

(27.0)

16271

(12.4)


Asian/Pacific,

number (%)

1419

(1.0)

112

(0.5)

187*

(1.0)

642

(1.0)

50*

(0.6)

48

(0.7)

31528

(3.6)

1682

(1.7)

3299

(2.5)


Native American,

number (%)

512

(0.4)

56*

(0.2)

46

(0.3)

275

(0.4)

22*

(0.3)

19*

(0.3)

6763

(0.8)

360

(0.4)

617

(0.5)


Other,

number (%)

23423

(15.9)

1348

(5.8)

4813

(25.8)

12606

(18.9)

627

(7.0)

908

(13.4)

168138

(19.4)

8864

(9.2)

50123

(38.3)



Admission Source


Emergency Department,

number (%)

96067

(65.78)

17366

(75.1)

12339*

(66.1)

13548

(20.4)

2151

(24.0)

1453*

(21.4)

41734

(4.8)

3091

(3.2)

23711

(18.1)


Inter-hospital

transfer, number (%)

26255

(17.9)

2388

(10.3)

2491

(13.3)

12480

(18.8)

1284

(14.4)

1182

(17.4)

3118

(0.4)

123

(0.1)

567

(0.4)


Nursing Home,

number (%)

4790*

(3.3)

704

(3.0)

310

(1.7)

1497

(2.3)

297

(3.3)

129*

(1.9)

3187

(0.4)

91*

(0.1)

115

(0.1)


Other, number (%)

19197

(13.1)

2676

(11.5)

3534

(18.9)

38988*

(58.6)

5215*

(58.3)

4037*

(59.4)

816915

(94.4)

90101

(96.6)

106467

(81.4)



Type of Delivery


Vaginal,

number (%)

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

596163

(68.9)

64721

(67.8)

90576

(69.2)


C-Section,

number (%)

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

268791

(31.1)

30685

(32.2)

40284

(30.8)



Comorbidity


COPD,

number (%)

30477

(20.8)

5536

(24.0)

3746

(20.1)

14417

(21.7)

2236

(25.0)

1352

(19.9)

23182

(2.7)

1532

(1.6)

3223

(2.5)


Diabetes

Uncomplicated,

number (%)

37207

(25.4)

5728

(24.8)

5017

(26.9)

18284*

(27.5)

2379

(26.6)

1950

(28.7)

5243

(0.6)

454

(0.5)

969

(0.7)


Renal failure,

number (%)

13948

(9.5)

2652

(11.4)

1692

(9.0)

4160*

(6.3)

607*

(6.8)

474

(7.0)

132*

(0.0)

9

(0.0)

31

(0.0)


Obesity,

number (%)

9614*

(6.6)

1478*

(6.4)

1110

(5.9)

5787*

(8.7)

726*

(8.1)

524*

(7.7)

9485

(1.1)

627

(0.7)

1842

(1.4)


Depression,

number (%)

6983

(4.8)

920*

(4.0)

812

(4.4)

2195

(3.3)

223

(2.5)

240*

(3.5)

13089

(1.5)

873

(0.9)

1945*

(1.5)


*: >0.05

†: ≤0.05

‡: <0.01

∧: <0.001

Symbol in NFP cell represents P-value for NFP vs. FP

Symbol in FP cell represents P-value for FP vs. Government

Symbol in Government cell represents P-value for Government vs. NFP

Cram et al. BMC Health Services Research 2010 10:90   doi:10.1186/1472-6963-10-90

Open Data